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EDC Serial Number EDC0000152
Title Impact of Brine Production on Aquifer Storage of CO2
Data Location
EDC Stored Dataset
Description The Aquifer Brine project assessed the modeled impact of removing brine from potential undersea carbon dioxide stores on store capacity and costs using selected real locations and synthetic models. It followed on from the UK Storage Appraisal Project which assessed the UK CO2 storage capacity for CCS in offshore geological formations.
DOI (none given)
Sector Industrial
Coverage United Kingdom
Modeled sites: Bunter Aquifer, Forties Aquifer, Hamilton gas field.
Start: 07/12/2015
End: 05/09/2016
Usage Rights for this Data Open Access if terms and conditions accepted (ETI Aquifer Brine)
Use of these data indicates your acceptance of the terms and conditions of the Impact of Brine Production on Aquifer Storage Project - ETI Open Licence for Materials.
You must acknowledge the source of the data as indicated in the licence.
Data Type Model
Parameter Names Geological simulation models.
Units 5 x Geological models
Number of Records 21
IEA Category CO2 storage
Creator of the Data Heriot-Watt University, Element Energy, T2 Petroleum Technology and Durham University
Data made available by The Energy Technologies Institute
Format Various
Language English
Project CCS
Related Datasets See all related datasets
Other Information

The Aquifer Brine project assesses the potential for brine production through dedicated wells in target CO2 storage formations to increase CO2 storage capacity and reduce the overall cost of storage - as well as any other potential benefits for CO2 store operators associated with brine production.

It followed on from the UK Storage Appraisal Project.

Proprietary software is needed to access the geological models. See ReadMe file with data for details.

Explanations of the fields are available in the Catalogue FAQ

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Impact of Brine Production on Aquifer Storage of CO2
The Aquifer Brine project assessed the modeled impact of removing brine from potential undersea carbon dioxide stores on store capacity and costs using selected real locations and synthetic models. It followed on from the UK Storage Appraisal Project which assessed the UK CO2 storage capacity for CCS in offshore geological formations.
Schools: Loxford School & Brine Leas Sixth Form
Creative Exchange
Future Works Passivhaus
Options for a Low Carbon Future: Review of Modelling Activities and an Update
This report summarises the modelling work undertaken for the 2003 Energy White Paper using the MARKAL energy model. It describes the scenarios andsensitivities used in the modelling work. It concludes that there is a variety of carbon abatement options across the energy supply sector, in improving energy efficiency and across the transport sector. Total abatement costs are uncertain and vary considerably by scenario andsensitivity but are unlikely to have a significant impact on GDP growth.Innovation and technical progress are key elements in reducing the costs ofcarbon abatement. The report compares the costs from the MARKAL model with those from a range of other models. Most of the stud... (truncated)
How brine production can encourage investment in carbon capture, usage and storage - Ben Kennedy
Dennis Gammer, Energy Systems Catapult practice manager – CCS & Industry, looks at how brine production can potentially save the UK £2 billion, following the publication of a new report delivered by Energy Systems Catapult.
Brine Production and its Potential Impact on UK Carbon Dioxide Storage - Ben Kennedy
Energy Systems Catapult has investigated how a simple technique to alleviate pressure on saline aquifers could save at least £2 billion to the delivery of decarbonisation pathways.
CCUS Cost Challenge Taskforce Report calls for “serious ambition” and “serious action” - K. Johnson
UKCCSRC Programme Conference - K. Johnson
Key Messages from the ERP Post-Plenary Debate on Industrial Strategy - Lindsay Wright
What is an Industrial Strategy and what should it look to include? Helen Thomas reports on the ERP's January post-plenary meeting, where this and other questions were discussed. \n
ETI-CC2010: Impact of Brine Production on Aquifer Storage
Start 25/02/2016 - End 20/12/2017 Value £200000 PI Carbon Capture and Storage, Heriot-Watt University
  • Project confirms there are no major technical hurdles to storing industrial scale CO2 offshore in the UK with sites able to service mainland Europe as well as the UK
  • \n
  • 12 month project was carried out by Pale Blue Dot Energy, Axis Well Technology and Costain with 2.5m of funding provided by the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC)
  • \n
\nAberdeen-based consultancy Pale Blue Dot Energy supported by Axis Well Technology and Costain delivered a project which identified the next phase of sites deep under the seabed in UK waters to store CO2 emissions from coal and gas power stations and heavy industry plants.
\nThe 12 month project was delivered by the ETI and funded with up to 2.5m from DECC. It progressed the appraisal of five selected storage sites towards readiness for Final Investment Decisions, de-risking these stores for potential future storage developers.
\nThis project identified 20 spec... (truncated)

ETI-CC1026: Strategic UK CCS Storage Appraisal
Start 29/05/2015 - End 14/12/2016 Value £2500000 PI Carbon Capture and Storage, Pale BLue Dot
This £4m project was delivered by a consortium of project partners from across academia and industry - LR Senergy Limited, BGS, the Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage (University of Edinburgh, Heriot-Watt University), Durham University, GeoPressure Technology Ltd, Geospatial Research Ltd, Imperial College London, RPS Energy and Element Energy Ltd.
\nWe have agreed a licence with The Crown Estate and the BGS to host and further develop an online database of mapped UK offshore carbon dioxide storage capacity produced by UKSAP.
\nThis is now publically available under the name of CO2 Stored. It can be accessed via
\nThe web-enabled database - the first of its type anywhere in the world - contains geological data, storage estimates, risk assessments and economics of nearly 600 potential CO2 storage units of depleted oil and gas reservoirs, and sali... (truncated)

ETI-CC1001: UK Storage Appraisal Project (UKSAP)
Start 23/09/2009 - End 28/09/2012 Value £400000 PI Carbon Capture and Storage, Senergy
The aim of this project was to scope out a potential ETI Project which would establish an investment proposal for a new, GW scale, carbon-abated, thermal power station, which minimised risk and built on infrastructure which was at the time being proposed in response to the DECC CCS Commercialisation Competition. This scoping exercise had two major components: a review of potential sites where such a station might be built, taking into account existing infrastructure and planned CO2 transport and storage infrastructure; and the development of an investment model to identify the key features of an investable CCS power project. The ETI’s ultimate objective was to establish a new investment consortium ready to undertake ‘front-end engineering design’ (FEED) on a major thermal power station development incorporating CCS (£2bn+ capex). This initial scoping project sought to create a clear view of the structure of that... (truncated)

ETI-CC2014: Thermal Power Station with CCS scoping
Start 14/07/2014 - End 31/03/2015 Value £100000 PI Carbon Capture and Storage, ETI (Energy Technologies Institute)
This desk-based survey of UK requirements for Measurement, Monitoring and Verification (MMV) of offshore CO2 storage sites was designed to provide a clear view of the developing legislation, state of the art of MMV technologies and field experience in UK offshore applications. The study reviewed UK legislative requirements, features of likely UK storage sites and potential MMV technologies. From this, MMV technology development requirements were identified to give an understanding of the main technology gaps and to establish where ETI resources should be focused to deliver future technology development. The Project provided valuable and focused information about the technology and developing regulatory environment and identified priorities for the development of MMV technologies to meet UK requirements.

ETI-CC1004: Measurement, Monitoring and Verification of CO2 Storage (MMV)
Start 11/04/2014 - End 14/03/2018 Value £5400000 PI Carbon Capture and Storage, Fugro GeoServices Ltd
Phase two of the ETI Tidal Energy Converter (TEC) project will see two Atlantis owned 1.5MW commercial tidal energy turbines installed on an innovative foundation structure designed and built as part of the project. This will take place at the MeyGen site in Scotland and increase the number of turbines at the site from four to six, increasing the rated capacity of the tidal array from 6MW to 9MW (enough to power 4,500 local homes). Atlantis are developing a patent-pending innovative and cost effective multi-turbine foundation design as a result of the work they undertook in the first phase of the project - a total system lifecycle cost of energy methodology to identify tidal energy system technologies capable of significantly reducing the cost of energy being deployed at array scale

ETI-MA1010: Tidal Energy Converter (TEC) Phase 2
Start 22/08/2014 - End 28/06/2019 Value £7500000 PI Marine, Atlantis Resources Corporation
A number of important technologies involve the manipulation of particle-laden flows. These include pharmaceuticals manufacturing, power plant technologies, food processing, and many others. Various environmental protection and safety issues are rooted in the understanding of the dynamics of granular flows, for example, avalanches, sandstorms, and city air pollution. Models for these are traditionally derived from analogies with dilute gases at the statistical level, and from conventional fluid mechanics at the continuum level. Rapid granular flows are, however, known experimentally to display a variety of rheological and flow physics not seen in conventional fluid flows.Previous research in modelling rapid granular flows has co-opted transport models developed for rarefied gases under strong non-equilibrium. This approach produces constitutive equations that incorporate high order gradient terms (the best known of which are the Burnett... (truncated)

EP/R008027/1: From Kinetic Theory to Hydrodynamics: re-imagining two fluid models of particle-laden flows
Start 01/01/2018 - End 31/12/2021 Value £391973 PI S Dadzie, Heriot-Watt University
Abstract Not Availabl

DT/F007744/1: CO2 Aquifer Storage Site Evaluation and Monitoring ( CASSEM )
Start 01/08/2008 - End 31/01/2011 Value £719423 PI RS (Stuart) Haszeldine, University of Edinburgh
Abstract Not Availabl

DT/F007337/1: CO2 Aquifer Storage Site Evaluation and Monitoring ( CASSEM )
Start 01/04/2008 - End 31/12/2010 Value £612120 PI AC Todd, Heriot-Watt University
Abstract Not Availabl

DT/F007728/1: CO2 Aquifer Storage Site Evaluation and Monitoring ( CASSEM )
Start 01/03/2009 - End 28/02/2010 Value £101150 PI S (Sarah) Mander, University of Manchester

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