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Empirical estimates of the direct rebound effect: a review


Citation Sorrell, S, Dimitropoulos J, and Sommerville, M. Empirical estimates of the direct rebound effect: a review. 2009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2008.11.026.
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Author(s) Sorrell, S, Dimitropoulos J, and Sommerville, M.
Opus Title Energy Policy
Pages 1356-1371
Volume 37
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2008.11.026
Abstract

Improvements in energy efficiency make energy services cheaper, and therefore encourage increased consumption of those services. This so-called direct rebound effect offsets the energy savings that may otherwise be achieved. This paper provides an overview of the theoretical and methodological issues relevant to estimating the direct rebound effect and summarises the empirical estimates that are currently available. The paper focuses entirely on household energy services, since this is where most of the evidence lies and points to a number of potential sources of bias that may lead the effect to be overestimated. For household energy services in the OECD, the paper concludes that the direct rebound effect should generally be less than 30%.