UKERC Energy Data Centre: UKERC Publications

UKERC Home >> EDC Home >> UKERC Publications >> Back to Results >> Missing carbon reductions ? Exploring rebound and backfire effects in UK households

Missing carbon reductions ? Exploring rebound and backfire effects in UK households


Citation Druckman, A. M.Chitnis, S.Sorrell and T. Jackson Missing carbon reductions ? Exploring rebound and backfire effects in UK households. 2011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2011.03.058.
Cite this using DataCite
Author(s) Druckman, A. M.Chitnis, S.Sorrell and T. Jackson
Opus Title Energy Policy
Pages 3572-3581
Volume 39
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2011.03.058
Abstract

Households are expected to play a pivotal role in reducing the UK's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and the UK Government is encouraging specific household actions to help meet its targets. However, due to the rebound effect, only a portion of the GHG emission reductions estimated by simple engineering calculations are generally achieved in practice. For example, replacing short car journeys by walking or cycling reduces consumption of motor fuels. But this frees up money that may be spent on, for example, purchasing extra clothes or flying on vacation. Alternatively, the money may be put into savings. Since all of these options lead to GHG emissions, total GHG savings may be less than anticipated. Indeed, in some instances, emissions may increasea phenomenon known as backfire. We estimate that the rebound effect for a combination of three abatement actions by UKhouseholds is approximately 34%. Targeting re-spending on goods and services with a low GHG intensity reduces this to a minimum of around 12%, while re-spending on goods and services with a high GHG intensity leads to backfire. Our study highlights the importance of shifting consumption to lower GHG intensive categories and investing in low carbon investments.