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Reference Number EP/T008083/1
Title AdAPTS: Adaptive Aerostructures for Power and Transportation Sustainability
Status Started
Energy Categories ENERGY EFFICIENCY (Transport) 50%;
RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES (Wind Energy) 50%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 70%;
Applied Research and Development 30%;
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Physics) 10%;
PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Applied Mathematics) 25%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 65%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr B K S Woods

Aerospace Engineering
University of Bristol
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 October 2020
End Date 30 September 2025
Duration 60 months
Total Grant Value £1,119,057
Industrial Sectors Aerospace; Defence and Marine
Region South West
Programme NC : Engineering
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr B K S Woods , Aerospace Engineering, University of Bristol (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Airbus UK Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , AgustaWestland (0.000%)
Project Contact , University of Michigan, USA (0.000%)
Project Contact , Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult (0.000%)
Project Contact , Vestas Wind Systems A/S, Denmark (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract Adaptive Aerostructures for Power and Transportation Sustainability (AdAPTS) is an Early Career Fellowship research project which will advance an ambitious new approach to the design of aerostructures by harnessing the adaptability of compliance-based morphing to continuously optimise aerodynamic performance. This will allow for greener and more sustainable fixed and rotary wing transportation and wind turbine power generation through reduced aerodynamic drag, increased efficiency and improved resilience to changing operating conditions.Compliance-based adaptive aerostructures are designed to exhibit structural and material flexibility that allows them to change their shape in a smooth and continuous manner. These changes in shape are isolated to certain desired motions in specific areas of an aerodynamic surface, for example the amount of curvature at the rear of an aerofoil, to allow for targeted changes in shape while retaining overall strength. These changes in shape improve the ability of the wing or blade to produce lift, minimise the amount of drag generated, and allow for continuous adaptation to changing operating conditions. Initial work has shown that the family of compliance-based morphing devices developed by the PI can provide significant improvements in performance of 5-25%.While the potential benefits are promising, much work remains to make compliance-based morphing a viable solution. These types of structures are poorly understood, and the underlying technologies need significant development. The poor understanding of the performance and behaviour of these structures is due to their compliant nature, which means that the structural, aerodynamic, and actuation characteristics are all highly coupled - with the aerodynamic loading affecting the actuated shape, which in turn affects the aerodynamics. This coupling requires simulation of all of the physics involved in a cohesive, coupled manner. Furthermore, the structural, material, and actuation technologies used to achieve these smooth and continuous deformed shapes are novel, and therefore significant effort is needed to mature them to the point where they can be used in real-world applications. Finally, industry partners in the fixed wing, rotary wing, and wind turbine fields see the potential in these technologies, but because they are so novel and different from current approaches, work needs to be done to show the specific, quantitative improvements in performance that these technologies can achieve for their applications.To address the three sides of this problem, AdAPTS will undertake an ambitious research programme with three parallel streams of work that will: 1.) create a fully comprehensive analysis framework to better understand the hierarchical, coupled performance of compliance-based morphing structures from the bottom up, 2.) rapidly mature the proposed morphing technologies, and 3.) work directly with industry to analyse and design adaptive structures for their products, and to predict the achievable improvements in performance.
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 16/11/21