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Reference Number EP/R007373/1
Title Refactoring Energy Systems
Status Started
Energy Categories OTHER POWER and STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES(Electric power conversion) 20%;
OTHER POWER and STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES(Electricity transmission and distribution) 20%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Applied Mathematics) 25%;
PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Computer Science and Informatics) 75%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Systems Analysis related to energy R&D (Energy modelling) 60%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Consumer attitudes and behaviour) 10%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Technology acceptance) 10%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Other sociological economical and environmental impact of energy) 10%;
Other (Energy technology information dissemination) 10%;
Principal Investigator Dr R Chitchyan
No email address given
Computer Science
University of Bristol
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 October 2017
End Date 30 September 2023
Duration 72 months
Total Grant Value £952,931
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region South West
Programme LWEC : LWEC
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr R Chitchyan , Computer Science, University of Bristol (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , EDF Energy (0.000%)
Project Contact , Morecambe Bay Community Renewables MORE (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract The complexity of the present UK energy system (including numerous generators ranging from nuclear plants to individual households, transmitters, distributors, storage providers, regulators, and consumers) is ever growing.While once only a few major power producers delivered energy to the whole country, today the energy system is drastically changing. To give a few examples: every household can supply energy into the grid, the environmentally-concerned consumers wish to purchase energy from specific sources, and communities and businesses may wish to ascertain energy self-sufficiency, but also expect to rely on the main grid as provider of the last resource. Transmission capacity must grow to meet increased consumption needs. Intermittence of new energy types (e.g., wind and solar), require larger and longer-term storage.As the technical and participant variety in the energy system grows, the system's architecture can no longer remain uniform, for instance, some communities could rely on wind energy, others on biofuels; the level of participation of smaller suppliers would vary per locality, as will priorities of communities. Thus, there is no longer one optimal energy system architecture for the whole country. Instead, each community should be able to identify the best way that its energy system could be structured and take planned steps towards achieving and maintaining this optimal structure.Thus, this fellowship aims to transform how the energy system is viewed, managed and evolved: moving away from the current perception of a single, uniform system across the whole of the UK, to that of localised, adaptive, largely self-reliant system-of-systems. In this new setting, the local systems will each be individually optimised, yet globally connected.To enable this locally optimised and globally connected energy system, the fellowship will deliver a set of system refactoring patterns, tools, and techniques.Refactoring is a disciplined approach to gradually changing the internal structure of an existing system without changing its externally useful services.The fellowship will:1. Collect and integrate data sources and models that would allow each community to monitor the current state of their local energy system, identify emerging problems, and address these problems through refactoring patterns. The models will also help to observe the expected effects of a refactoring application both locally and on the larger, interconnected system-of-systems.2. Set up an open, commonly accessible technical infrastructure for data recording and model evaluation. A simple (non-specialist focused) user interface will be set up to enable all interested stakeholders to choose, evaluate and interpret models.3. Deliver innovative methods, tools, a pattern catalogue, and good practice guidelines for energy systems refactoring.4. Engage individuals, communities, businesses, regulators, and NGOs with the localised, renewables-based energy generation activities.
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 08/02/19