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Reference Number NIA2_SGN0014
Title Technical assessment and feasibility study into water requirements for hydrogen production
Status Completed
Energy Categories HYDROGEN and FUEL CELLS(Hydrogen, Hydrogen production) 100%;
Research Types Applied Research and Development 100%
Science and Technology Fields ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (Geography and Environmental Studies) 20%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 80%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Project Contact
No email address given
SGN - Scotland
Award Type Network Innovation Allowance
Funding Source Ofgem
Start Date 01 January 2022
End Date 31 August 2022
Duration ENA months
Total Grant Value £124,410
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region Scotland
Programme Network Innovation Allowance
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Project Contact , SGN - Scotland (99.999%)
  Other Investigator Project Contact , SGN - Southern England (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , SGN (0.000%)
Web Site https://smarter.energynetworks.org/projects/NIA2_SGN0014
Objectives The project will follow a 6 Work Packages as follows: Hydrogen production - A desktop research to identify the potential locations for new hydrogen production infrastructure will be carried out.Technology Review - For each of the hydrogen project locations identified in Work Pack 1, undertake an estimate of water consumption for x10 shortlisted locations.Sources of Water - An assessment and identification of potential sources of water at each shortlisted hydrogen project location will be undertaken.Resiliency Assessment - Assessment of the resilience of the alternative water sources at different locations.Opportunities Assessment - Carry out an assessment of area segments based on hydrological regions and identify innovative and resilient solutions to supply water for hydrogen production.Peer Review - A comprehensive peer review of the outcomes and methodology/tool developed through Work Packs 1-5. The project proposal is outlined below: 1 - Hydrogen productionKey locations in the SGN network.Offshore wind farms. Onshore renewables infrastructure (where known). Energy projects in planning. Potential hydrogen project locations.2 - Technology Review Type of hydrogen production (blue or green).Production capacity.Annual production.Water volume needed.3 - Sources of WaterTypes of water sources available.Volume available from each source.Hydrogen production water consumption as a fraction of the total volume, for each source.Distance (most direct route, i.e., “as the crow flies”) of each source to the related hydrogen production locations.A conceptual water balance for each watershed impacted by a hydrogen project location.Determine representative water quality for each source.Prepare flow diagrams of water (pre)treatment required to use each type of water source.4 - Resiliency AssessmentUpdate GIS maps with:Water Volume ProvidedCapital CostO&M CostA technical memorandum on residuals generation in both blue and green hydrogen production, potential environmental impact, and recycle/reuse potential.A summary table of the impact on each applicable water source for each shortlisted hydrogen project location.Develop and provide an MS Excel-based tool to assess the suitability of different water sources for hydrogen production at different locations.5 – Opportunities Assessment Water demand and source analysis for each segment.Overall Raw and Weight Score.Subcategory Scoring for:Permitting Considerations.Design Considerations.Implement Considerations.Operations Considerations.Community Considerations.Sustainability Considerations.Summary report aggregating the results and observations from the individual segments.Summary report on innovative solutions, circular economy and strategic view on water supply.6 - Peer Review A comprehensive peer review of the outcomes and methodology/tool developed through Work Packs 1-5. The aims of the study are to evaluate the water requirements of new hydrogen production facilities, and the associated implications for water infrastructure, and to develop a strategic framework for assessing these aspects of hydrogen projects throughout the UK. The project outputs include:An evaluation of the water requirements and associated implications for water systems due to increasing hydrogen production across Scotland. Identifying innovative solutions and opportunities for circular economy approaches to develop resilient and sustainable water supply systems to meet increasing hydrogen demand. A framework/methodology to conduct similar analysis in other areas of the UK. A long-term strategic view for water requirements associated with hydrogen production.
Abstract Low carbon hydrogen can be produced by a variety of processes, that require substantial quantities of water. Several major hydrogen projects are proposed in Scotland; as an energy storage medium, allowing new renewable power capacity to operate, and as a direct alternative to displace natural gas as a primary fuel source. The additional water consumption associated with these hydrogen projects presents an infrastructure challenge.The aims of the study are to evaluate the water requirements of new hydrogen production facilities, and the associated implications for water infrastructure, and to develop a strategic framework for assessing these aspects of hydrogen projects throughout the UK. The initial focus of the study is on Scotland; however, the methodology developed in the project will be used throughout the UK
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 02/11/22