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Reference Number EP/D07259X/1
Title Fuelling The Future : From Materials Science To New Energy Conversion Systems
Status Completed
Energy Categories HYDROGEN and FUEL CELLS(Fuel Cells, Stationary applications) 100%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Chemistry) 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Professor J Irvine
No email address given
Chemistry
University of St Andrews
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 September 2006
End Date 31 August 2011
Duration 60 months
Total Grant Value £534,781
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region Scotland
Programme Materials, Mechanical and Medical Eng, Physical Sciences
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor J Irvine , Chemistry, University of St Andrews (100.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract The philosophy of this proposal is to bring together careful, focused basic studies with development actions to try to provide stepchange advances in Energy technology that have realistic possibility to be implemented in Industrial Development. The focus has been well informed by involvement in the Strategic Research Agenda of the European Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Platform. Our objective is to provide some of the solutions necessary to bring to fruition a vision of the new energy economy as stated below. We prefer not to follow the nuclear option; however, this only makes sense if renewable and clean energy technologies can demonstrate fairly soon that there does exist a viable non-nuclear solution, as we cannot leave Nuclear Technology on standby for very much longer, lest we lose capability. This is perhaps the gauntlet that the UK government Energy White Paper threw down for our clean Energy Community.By 2050 cheap oil will no longer be available and Europe's internal reserves will be exhausted. An increasing proportion of primary energy production will be from renewables such as solar, wind, tidal and biomass possibly supplemented by nuclear, natural gas and coal. We must rely on new energy carriers such as hydrogen, biogas or synfuels and liquid biofuels. These carriers will complement electricity as energy vectors, enabling some degree of energy efficiency optimisation, both on a local and a larger scale. A decentralised electricity generation infrastructure powered by a broad spectrum of renewable and clean technologies with a strong fuel cell component will have been created. The power network will largely be based upon self-contained nodes, each consisting of renewable and/or fuel cell systems. The advantages of this decentralised system arise from lower transmission losses, higher total energy efficiency and improved energy security. These nodes will be supported by a high value network powered by advanced thermal or nuclear systems,hydropower, buffered wind power and fuel cell systems.Our role is to develop high temperature electrochemical technologies to enable the efficient introduction of this new energy economy. Our early work will seek to optimise current fuel cell technology improving durability and stability and reducing cost of manufacture to enable widespread introduction. We will develop new anode formulations to enable efficient utilisation of more complex fuels, ranging from natural gas and LPG through biogas to liquid biofuels and biomass. Efficient utilisation of biomass is central to the new energy economy and this will be achieved by a range of mechanisms. Fuel cell technology is a particularly important enabler for biomass utilisation offering high efficiencies of conversion in fairly small unit sizes and is essential to the new distributed energy economy.Solid Oxide Fuel Cells seem certain to make a significant contribution to the future energy economy in 5-10 years, if good technologicalprogress can be maintained; however, we only see this as one manifestation of this technology. Future development relates to efficient electrolysis, novel systems and carbon neutral fuel production. Efficient electrolysis to produce clean hydrogen is of key importance to the possibility of utilising renewable energy in transport. Similarly reversible fuel cells with careful thermal management can provide good buffering for intermittent power supplies. Discovery of new materials is important to achieving new more efficient technologies and the development of alternative systems based upon other ceramic electrolytes such as protonic or even hydride ion conductors offer even more exciting advances. The efficient conversion of carbon dioxide or nitrogen to useful carbon-free fuels is perhaps our ultimate goal in this project
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 01/01/07