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Reference Number NE/H013229/1
Title Spatial Mapping and Evaluation of Energy Crop Distribution in Great Britain to 2050
Status Completed
Energy Categories RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES(Bio-Energy) 100%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields BIOLOGICAL AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES (Biological Sciences) 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Professor G (Gail ) Taylor
No email address given
School of Biological Sciences
University of Southampton
Award Type R&D
Funding Source NERC
Start Date 01 April 2010
End Date 30 September 2011
Duration 18 months
Total Grant Value £101,788
Industrial Sectors No relevance to Underpinning Sectors; Transport Systems and Vehicles
Region South East
Programme UKERC Research Fund; Biodiversity, Environmental Risks and Hazards, Global Change, Natural Resource Management
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor G (Gail ) Taylor , School of Biological Sciences, University of Southampton (100.000%)
Web Site
Objectives The following grants are linked : NE/H013415/1 NE/H013253/1 NE/H013229/1 NE/H013237/1 NE/H013245/1

The aim of the project is to use a whole systems approach to explore spatial aspects of bioenergy development in the UK to 2050, taking account of environmental, economic and social factors.

This will be achieved through the following objectives:

  1. Determine potent ial spatial distributions and yields of energy crops in Great Britain under present conditions, and under c limate change to 2050. This requires a set of modelling tools held within the consortium
  2. Determine constraints (economic, social and environmental) that shape opportunities for the production of energy crops in both absolute and relative terms and map these under present condition s and future scenarios through to 2050
  3. Determine optimised spatial distribution and feedstoc k supply of energy crops subject to current supply and demand side constraints - e.g. infrastructure, and under scenarios of future potential infrastructure, prices and costs
  4. Examine impacts associated with the technical potential (i.e. where crops can be grown) and the economic potent ial (where they are most likely to be financial viability); external impacts include landscape char acter, rural livelihoods and environmental greenhouse gas emissions, carbon sequestration, biodiversity, water use/quality.
Abstract

The aim of the project is to use a whole systems approach to explore spatial aspects of bioenergy development in the UK to 2050, subject to environmental, economic and social factors. We will build on our previous strong collaboration, and draw on the data, models and tools already developed, to project the potential spatial distribution of energy crops under current and future climate (to 2050).The projected yields of energy crops under these conditions represent one aspect of the economic, social and environmental constraints, often termed ‘ecosystem services’ on the production and use of these crops, which together shape prospective bioenergy supply curves. The project will, examine the optimised spatial distribution and feedstock supply of energy crops using currentinfrastructure (i.e. the demand), and under scenarios of future potential infrastructure, and quantify the total impacts of such distributions in economic, social and environmental terms. The analysis will use a partial equilibrium model to link farm-scale optimisation to a global input and prices and that of fuel substitutes. Our focus will be restricted to second generation dedicated energy crops (grasses and trees) since these conflict less with food crops and are likely to be grown on low quality agricultural land. Given recommendations by Gallagher on sustainable biofuels (RFA, 2008) it is unlikely that food crops will have any significant role in the UK post 2020 for the supply of bioenergy. Outputs will be spatial maps and related supply curves of optimised energy crop distributions and maps of economic, social and environmental consequences of these distributions, which will be made freely available to other UKERC researchers.

Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 12/10/10