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Reference Number EP/F036175/1
Title Modelling NOx Reduction by Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) appropriate for Light-Duty Vehicles under Steady State and Transient Conditions
Status Completed
Energy Categories ENERGY EFFICIENCY(Transport) 15%;
NOT ENERGY RELATED 85%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 75%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Environmental dimensions) 25%;
Principal Investigator Professor S Benjamin
No email address given
Engineering and Computing
Coventry University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 September 2008
End Date 29 February 2012
Duration 42 months
Total Grant Value £323,882
Industrial Sectors Transport Systems and Vehicles
Region West Midlands
Programme NC : Engineering
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor S Benjamin , Engineering and Computing, Coventry University (99.999%)
  Other Investigator Dr CA Roberts , Engineering and Computing, Coventry University (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Jaguar Land Rover Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , Johnson Matthey plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , EMCON Technologies Germany Aug GmbH (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract Diesel engines offer the prospect of reducing emissions of carbon dioxide as they are inherently more thermodynamically efficient than petrol engines. However diesels produce higher emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOX) and particulates. Whilst technologies to deal with the latter are well advanced (particulate traps) the reduction of NOx emissions is more challenging. Whilst improvements in combustion and/or alternative fuels can lead to lower NOx emissions it is widely accepted that in order tomeet EuroV and VI emission targets some form of after-treatment will be requiredCurrently there are two major after-treatment technologies under consideration: NOx traps and Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR). SCR in the automotive context involves the catalytic reduction of NOx with urea/ammonia (NH3). A solution of urea (Adblue) is injected into the exhaust system where it is decomposed in NH3 which selectively reduces NOx over a catalyst. SCR was first commercialised on a heavy-duty diesel truck as recently as 2004 by Nissan. Studies have shown that SCR can achieve 90 % NOX conversion. In Europe, a number of heavy-duty vehicle manufacturers have chosen urea-SCR for meeting Euro IV and V standards and since 2003 the infrastructure for urea outlets within Europe has been steadily developing. Hence SCR could be used on light duty vehicles and passenger cars without major investments in the urea distribution system.The application to light-duty vehicles and passenger cars presents additional challenges. Their operational characteristics are quite different from heavy duty vehicles as they typically operate at high speed and low load with lower exhaust temperatures. Further, light duty vehicle homologation requires emissions compliance over drive cycles featuring significant transients. Urea injectors will be quite different operating with much lower flow rates. Amongst a number of important issues to be addressed will be the urea dosing strategy, the positioning of the injector and the type of the catalyst. Currently almost all prototype development work is conducted on engine test stands and chassis dynamometers. A mathematical model of an SCR system would facilitate the design of these light duty systems. It would allow design engineers to vary operating parameters and system design features prior to prototype testing. This would potentially save development time and costs whilst also providing systems with reduced emissions and better fuel economy.The development and validation of a light-duty SCR mathematical model is the main objective of this research proposal
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 14/03/08