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Reference Number EP/R023034/1
Title ISCF Wave 1: 3D electrodes from 2D materials
Status Completed
Energy Categories ENERGY EFFICIENCY(Transport) 50%;
OTHER POWER and STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES(Energy storage) 50%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Chemistry) 35%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Electrical and Electronic Engineering) 35%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Chemical Engineering) 30%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Professor RAW Dryfe
No email address given
Chemistry
University of Manchester
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 October 2017
End Date 31 March 2021
Duration 42 months
Total Grant Value £917,401
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region North West
Programme ISCF Supergen
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor RAW Dryfe , Chemistry, University of Manchester (99.996%)
  Other Investigator Dr P A Jennings , School of Engineering, University of Warwick (0.001%)
Professor A Forsyth , Electrical & Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester (0.001%)
Dr R Todd , Electrical & Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester (0.001%)
Dr C Low , Warwick Manufacturing Group, University of Warwick (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Jaguar Land Rover Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , Johnson Matthey plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , Technical Fibre Products Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Archipelago Technology Group (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract This project focuses on delivering one of the key Industrial Challenge Fund Areas, which is 'the design, development and manufacture of batteries for the electrification of vehicles'. The improved materials, electrodes and devices will be designed, manufactured and validated in two key centres in the UK, which are (1) National Graphene Centre at Manchester and (2) the UK's first full battery prototyping lines in a non-commercial environment at the WMG Energy Innovation Centre.Developments in electrochemical energy storage have transformed our use of personal devices (mobile phones, laptops)and are now poised to bring about a similar transformation in vehicular transport. Electrochemical energy storage (batteriesfor storage of energy, supercapacitors where delivery of power is critical) is also making in-roads to other fields of transport,such as aircraft, and is increasingly a focus for storage of electricity on the "grid" scale. Improvements in energy storagedepend on a chain of technological developments, but the initial one is the development of new electrochemistry/electrodematerials, which allows more energy to be stored and/or higher power extraction.The advent of 2D materials, sparked by the isolation of graphene (2-dimensional carbon) and understanding of itsexceptional physical properties, has ignited enormous interest in the application of this family of materials as electrodes,with the express goals of improving existing storage approaches, and of developing new electrochemical storage methods.Although initial results with graphene, in both the battery and supercapacitor contexts, have been promising subsequentwork has shown that the strong thermodynamic tendency of graphene sheets to re-aggregate (to graphite) means thatinitial improvements in performance are generally not retained over repeated cycles.The approach that we concentrate on in this work is to use so-called heterostructures, solution phase mixturesof more than one 2D material, as our composite electrode material.A second point is that 2D materials are often only available on a very small scale, thus testing of theirperformance in electrochemical storage technologies is frequently performed on scales that are too small to berepresentative of realistic devices, particularly with regard to transport applications. Again, we will address this challenge byexploiting our own (patented) method to "exfoliate" 2D materials, which is scaleable, and by building in porosity to theelectrode design when scaling the electrode preparations up. Finally, we will test the assembled large scaledevices under realistic operational conditions and use the results of that testing to inform further optimisation of thematerial preparation and the electrode formulation.The proposal aligns strongly with the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund objectives in that it:1: has strong support from a range of UK businesses (right across the value chain from small materials processing firms to end users such as JLR) and thereby increases UK businesses' investment in R&D and improved R&D capability and capacity;2: the work is a collaboration between a Chemist (Manchester), Chemical Engineer (WMG) and Electrical Engineers (Manchester), and thus provides multi- and interdisciplinary research around the challenge areas of the ISCF;3: the project will increase business-academic links in areas relating to the challenge areas, specifically as development of new electrode materials, novel methods to study degradation and to model cell performance are important components of this work4: the project will increase collaboration between younger, smaller companies (eg Archipelago) and larger, more established companies up the value chain (eg Johnson Matthey, JLR); 5: Successful prosecution of the project will increase overseas investment in R&D in the UK, given the direct links to overseas-owned industries in the project
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 11/12/18