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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/W003333/1
Title Manufacturing by Design
Status Started
Energy Categories Not Energy Related 80%;
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells(Fuel Cells) 20%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Chemistry) 30%;
PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Metallurgy and Materials) 40%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 90%;
Other (Energy technology information dissemination) 10%;
Principal Investigator Professor P Withers
No email address given
University of Manchester
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 April 2022
End Date 31 March 2027
Duration 60 months
Total Grant Value £1,612,580
Industrial Sectors Manufacturing
Region North West
Programme International Centre to Centre
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor P Withers , Materials, University of Manchester (99.989%)
  Other Investigator Dr MA Williams , School of Engineering, University of Warwick (0.001%)
Dr C Leung , Mechanical Engineering, University College London (0.001%)
Professor PD (Peter ) Lee , Materials, University of Manchester (0.001%)
Dr T Burnett , Materials, University of Manchester (0.001%)
Professor I Todd , Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield (0.001%)
Dr K Christofidou , Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield (0.001%)
Dr P Shearing , Chemical Engineering, University College London (0.001%)
Dr J Warnett , Warwick Manufacturing Group, University of Warwick (0.001%)
Dr M Endrizzi , Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London (0.001%)
Professor I Sinclair , Sch of Engineering, University of Southampton (0.001%)
Dr MN Mavrogordato , Sch of Engineering, University of Southampton (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , University of Bristol (0.000%)
Project Contact , United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) (0.000%)
Project Contact , National Physical Laboratory (NPL) (0.000%)
Project Contact , Renishaw PLC (Old Town) (0.000%)
Project Contact , Jaguar Land Rover Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , Johnson Matthey plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France (0.000%)
Project Contact , The Manufacturing Technology Centre: MTC (0.000%)
Project Contact , National Composites Centre (0.000%)
Project Contact , TISICS Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, Germany (0.000%)
Project Contact , Rolls-Royce PLC (0.000%)
Project Contact , Britishvolt (0.000%)
Project Contact , The European Space Research and Tech Ctr (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract In highly engineered materials, microscale defects can determine failure modes at the compo-nent/system scale. While X-ray CT is unique in being able to image, find, and follow defects non-destructively at the microscale, currently it can only do so for mm sized samples. This currently presents a significant limitation for manufacturing design and safe life prediction where the nature and location of the defects are a direct consequence of the manufacturing process. For example, in additive manufacturing, the defects made when manufacturing a test-piece may be quite different from those in a three dimensionally complex additively manufactured engineering component.Similarly, for composite materials, small-scale samples are commonly not large enough to properly represent all the hierarchical scales that control structural behaviour. This collaboration between the European Research Radiation Facility (ESRF) and the National Research Facility for laboratory CT (NRF) will lead to a million-fold increase in the volume of material that can be X-ray imaged at micrometre resolution through the development and exploitation of a new beamline (BM18). Further, this unparalleled resolution for X-rays at energies up to 400keV enables high Z materials to be probed as well as complex environmental stages. This represents a paradigm shift allowing us to move from defects in sub-scale test-pieces, to those in manufactured components and devices. This will be complemented by a better understanding of how such defects are introduced during manufacture and assembly. It will also allow us to scout and zoom manufactured structures to identify the broader defect distribution and then to follow the evolution of specific defects in a time-lapse manner as a function of mechanical or environmental loads, to learn how they lead to rapid failure in service. This will help to steer the design of smarter manufacturing processes tailored to the individual part geometry/architecture and help to establish a digital twin of additive and composite manufacturing processes.Secondly, we will exploit high frame rate imaging on ID19 exploiting the increased flux available due to the new ESRF-extremely bright source upgrade to study the mechanisms by which defects are introduced during additive manufacture and how defects can lead to very rapid failures, such as thermal runaway in batteriesIn this project, we will specifically focus on additive manufacturing, composite materials manufacturing and battery manufacturing and the in situ and operando performance and degradation of such manufactured articles, with the capabilities being disseminated and made more widely available to UK academics and industry through the NRF.The collaboration will also lead to the development of new data handling and analysis processes able to handle the very significant uplift in data that will be obtained and will lead to multiple site collaboration on experiments in real-time. This will enable us to work together as a multisite team on projects thereby involving less travelling and off-setting some of the constraints on demanding experiments posed by COVID-19.

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Added to Database 27/04/22