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Reference Number EP/L010755/1
Title Advanced Particle Image Velocimetry image processing near dynamic interfaces adopting unsteady CFD mesh technology
Status Completed
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(Oil and Gas, Other oil and gas) 10%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr R Theunissen
No email address given
Aerospace Engineering
University of Bristol
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 31 March 2014
End Date 31 October 2015
Duration 19 months
Total Grant Value £98,126
Industrial Sectors Aerospace; Defence and Marine; Chemicals; Healthcare
Region South West
Programme NC : Engineering
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr R Theunissen , Aerospace Engineering, University of Bristol (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Airbus UK Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Dantec Dynamics Ltd (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract When air or water flows over an object, friction causes a thin layer to be formed in the immediate vicinity of the object's surface. In this boundary layer the relative flow velocity rapidly decreases to zero towards the body. This layer is of particular importance in air and fluid dynamics as it determines, for example, the amount of drag of an aircraft wing and therefore the overall fuel consumption. Moreover, viscous and turbulent effects in the boundary layer generate forces on the interface and, in case of flexible surfaces such as for example a flag or air bubble in water, can influence the shape of the object.The flow of water or air over interfaces is encountered in many engineering and day-to-day applications. Boundary layers (e.g. the airflow in the near vicinity of an airplane wing) or turbomachinery (e.g. inside a jet engine) are examples of flows over stationary rigid or moving surfaces. The airflow within lungs or blood running through veins and arteries on the other hand involve deformable surfaces, as is the new generation of shape-changing airplane wing. Interfacial flows involve the interaction between different media such as e.g. bubbles in water, waves and free surface turbulence. All of the applications above are fluid-structure-related problems where the primary concerns are either the transport of momentum across or near the surface, the interactive coupling between fluid motion and surface deformation, or both. Although Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) has made considerable progress over the last decades, the inherent modelling of the fluid-structure interactions remains at the forefront of CFD development. To investigate the complex flow phenomena highly resolved and reliable experiments are therefore needed.As an experimental measurement technique Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) allows the measurement of flow velocity of air or water by injecting small particles which reflect light when illuminated. Comparison of two consecutive images of that illuminated seeded flow then enables the calculation of the displacement of the particles' images and therefore the velocity of the flow in which they are transported. Its non-intrusive nature together with its intrinsic simplicity and capability of retrieving instantaneous planar velocity measurements have made PIV a mature, standardized measurement technique in the field of experimental fluid-related dynamics both in academic and industrial environments for a wide range of applications. While the majority of PIV image processing-related studies have been aimed so far at improving the accuracy of the fluid velocities extraction, PIV image analysis involving arbitrarily moving bodies has received limited to no attention. From both an experimental and image analysis point of view, it is considered a worldwide challenge to obtain reliable, accurate velocity measurements with sufficient resolution near moving objects. This fundamental limitation of PIV has driven typical experiments to be limited to fields of view that are free of interfaces or other boundaries, which hampers the understanding of observed phenomena as the coupling between boundary motion and fluid forces cannot be characterised. Especially in arterial, pulmonary or aero-elasticity research, this presents a stringent limitation.It is the objective of the proposed work to introduce a new image processing technique in PIV image analyses to enable the extraction of high-fidelity, accurate and well resolved flow velocity fields near dynamic interfaces. This capability will allow proper characterization of flow phenomena in the vicinity of moving geometries, aiding understanding and providing experimental data for CFD validation.
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 14/04/14