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Reference Number EP/C522788/2
Title PLATFORM: Decentralised polygeneration of energy: Cross-disciplinary research at Imperial College London
Status Completed
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(Oil and Gas, Oil and gas conversion) 25%;
RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES(Bio-Energy, Applications for heat and electricity) 25%;
OTHER POWER and STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES(Electric power conversion) 25%;
OTHER POWER and STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES(Electricity transmission and distribution) 10%;
OTHER CROSS-CUTTING TECHNOLOGIES or RESEARCH(Energy system analysis) 15%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields SOCIAL SCIENCES (Town and Country Planning) 10%;
SOCIAL SCIENCES (Business and Management Studies) 20%;
SOCIAL SCIENCES (Sociology) 10%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Electrical and Electronic Engineering) 50%;
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences) 10%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Systems Analysis related to energy R&D 50%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Environmental dimensions) 25%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Policy and regulation) 10%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Consumer attitudes and behaviour) 10%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Technology acceptance) 5%;
Principal Investigator Prof M (Matthew ) Leach
No email address given
Centre for Environmental Strategy
University of Surrey
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 20 November 2007
End Date 19 August 2010
Duration 33 months
Total Grant Value £290,453
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region South East
Programme Energy : Engineering
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Prof M (Matthew ) Leach , Centre for Environmental Strategy, University of Surrey (99.993%)
  Other Investigator Dr AW ( Ausilio ) Bauen , Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Dr D Hart , Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Professor NP (Nigel ) Brandon , Earth Science and Engineering, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Dr C (Claire ) Adjiman , Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Professor N ( Nilay ) Shah , Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Professor D (Dennis ) Anderson (Dec'd) , Centre for Energy Policy and Technology, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Professor T Green , Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract Private ownership of the electricity industry means large scale investments are often less attractive than smaller, modular generation with rapid construction times. Emerging technologies for such smaller, 'decentralised', electricity generation also allows power providers to produce electricity near to the point of use (rather than near the source of fuel as for many conventional large scale power stations), with reduced losses in long distance transmission of power, reduced costs inreinforcing the power transmission network, and improved opportunities for 'co-generation' of power and heat, with the use of 'waste' heat in homes and businesses. Cogeneration and other efficiency improvements reduce the environmental emissions associated with the energy system, and can help the movement towards a lower carbon economy.New, cleaner, electricity generation technologies capable of operating at high efficiencies at small sizes offer great promise, but their development, and integration with the existing power system, pose new technological, operational, economic and regulatory challenges. The original Platform Grant at Imperial College London has made important contributions to the understanding of key decentralised energy system options, and has helped build this field into one now attracting much greater interest in UK and international research and policy.For the renewed programme, we propose to develop our approaches through a focus on the emergingconcepts for `polygeneration' energy systems. Polygeneration describes the combined production of multiple energy products - moving beyond cogeneration of heat and power. The most exciting concepts involve production of energy products to serve both `stationary' power/heat and transport markets, creating novel linkages between these two traditionally separate energy systems. Linkage between stationary and transport energy markets can provide dramatic improvements in the percentage of time the energy conversion equipment is in use, and help to smooth out the normal fluctuations in demand for energy over time. The opportunity to fine-tune the mix of outputs to match changes in demand and/or product prices, and the ability to use a wide variety of resource inputs, has potential economic benefits to the operator, the wider energy system and society at large. Polygeneration systems may use a wide range of fossil and renewable energy sources (such as gas, coal, biomass and wastes), utilise a variety of energy conversion technologies (including gasification and pyrolysis) and produce a range of products (including electricity and heat/cooling, gases and liquids). The scale of the plant can also vary, from very large centralised energy stations to small installations located within urban areas. Through a combination of 'multi-scale' and supply chain modelling, the programme will investigate the options for polygeneration, characteristics of potentiallykey systems, their linkage into energy markets and the wider supply chain. Questions which will drive the research include: What should be moved from place to place - primary resources, processed fuels, electricity or even technologies?; What are the relative benefits (e.g. economic, social, environmental, robustness etc.) of centralised and de-centralised systems?; What alternative migration paths are there from the current infrastructure to future infrastructures that will meet varied societal needs? What are the performance characteristics of alternative configurations? How can the supply chain be decarbonised?
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 28/04/08