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Reference Number NIA_NGGD0086
Title I0071 H2 Clusters
Status Completed
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(CO2 Capture and Storage, CO2 capture/separation) 50%;
HYDROGEN and FUEL CELLS(Hydrogen, Hydrogen production) 50%;
Research Types Applied Research and Development 100%
Science and Technology Fields SOCIAL SCIENCES (Business and Management Studies) 50%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Chemical Engineering) 50%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Project Contact
No email address given
Cadent Gas
Award Type Network Innovation Allowance
Funding Source ENA Smarter Networks
Start Date 01 November 2016
End Date 01 July 2017
Duration 8 months
Total Grant Value £178,900
Industrial Sectors Technical Consultancy
Region London
Programme Network Innovation Allowance
Investigators Principal Investigator Project Contact , Cadent Gas (99.999%)
  Other Investigator Project Contact , Progressive Energy Ltd (0.001%)
Web Site
Objectives Identify synergies between the cluster SMR facilities designed to supply hydrogen to the gas network and local manufacturing industry, power generation and the required CCS infrastructure at the two clustersDetermine the potential market for hydrogen in manufacturing industry and power generation and consider the role this may have in managing seasonal and daily demand fluctuations. Give guidance on its potential as an emissions reduction approach for industry. Provide guidance on the most cost effective configuration for low carbon hydrogen related facilities at both clusters, recognising technical, commercial, market and financing issues. Techno economic feasibility of configuring industry within Humberside and Merseyside to produce and use hydrogen. Understand the levelised cost of using hydrogen within these industrial clusters and understand any barriers that may exist to development. Advise next steps and conduct stakeholder engagement to inform government decision making.
Abstract The H21 City Gate project has shown that the use of hydrogen in place of natural gas in principle offers a potential route to widespread decarbonisation of low pressure gas distribution networks. The core requirement is to supply low carbon hydrogen in bulk, matching production to distribution network demand at an affordable cost. The H21 study concluded that to supply hydrogen in bulk it is best produced by reforming natural gas fitted with Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and that extensive hydrogen storage in salt formations is needed to manage inter-seasonal and daily fluctuations in network demand. It is concluded that the Steam Methane reformers (SMRs) with associated CO2 capture should be located near to CCS infrastructure and notes that candidate locations for this are Teesside, Humberside, Merseyside and Grangemouth. Two of these, Humberside and Merseyside, are within the NGGD area and are also industrial centres with significant populations. Both the Humber and Mersey clusters are close to salt deposits which are suitable for both daily and some inter-seasonal storage of hydrogen. New large scale gas CCGT power stations widely recognised as being important anchor projects for any CCS infrastructure, have been consented in both cluster areas, confirming that they are both strong candidates as locations for the first CCS clusters. Government policy on CCS is under review but it is noteworthy that both cluster areas have a strong technical case for hosting the first CCS network. Demonstration of the business case for a hydrogen supply system at either location would strengthen the CCS business case, and as CCS is essential for deployment of hydrogen on the network enhance the prospect for the hydrogen conversion initiative Additionally existing and planned power generation facilities are located in both areas and, as some gas turbines can operate on hydrogen and/or natural gas hydrogen mixtures, this in principle offers the opportunity for management of the hydrogen distribution network demand by adjusting the hydrogen/gas mixture used to fuel these stations. The stations also provide an additional base load hydrogen demand which may help reduce costs improving the business case. The work proposed here will provide a techno economic study assessing the relative importance of the elements outlined in the schematic above in creating a practical, cost effective hydrogen schemeThe work will focus on defining a low carbon hydrogen supply systems at Humberside and Merseyside and will be based on a system scale sufficient to supply a large city. The work will also consider the opportunity for a delivery plan which starts from a smaller but complete project involving domestic, industrial users, hydrogen production and CCS. The study will consider the opportunity to supply low carbon hydrogen for heat in specific industries and the opportunities for network demand management using industrial or existing power generation plant. The study will also scope the practicality of CCS infrastructure for a standalone project not predicated on major infrastructure created as part of a major power generation scheme, given the uncertainty in current policyThe programme will involve strong interactions with industrial and other stakeholders on Humberside and MerseysideNote : Project Documents may be available via the ENA Smarter Networks Portal using the Website link above
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 21/08/18