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Reference Number EP/D061601/1
Title Developing Novel Applications of PDF Based Models for Studying Turbulent Disperse Flows
Status Completed
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(Coal, Coal combustion) 1%;
FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(Oil and Gas, Oil and gas combustion) 1%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr D Swailes
No email address given
Mechanical and Systems Engineering
Newcastle University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 July 2006
End Date 30 September 2009
Duration 39 months
Total Grant Value £243,014
Industrial Sectors Chemicals; Energy; Food and Drink; Manufacturing
Region North East
Programme Process Environment and Sustainability
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr D Swailes , Mechanical and Systems Engineering, Newcastle University (99.996%)
  Other Investigator Dr R Issa , Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Professor Y Sergeev , Mechanical and Systems Engineering, Newcastle University (0.001%)
Professor M Reeks , Mechanical and Systems Engineering, Newcastle University (0.001%)
Dr I Potts , Mechanical and Systems Engineering, Newcastle University (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Fluent Europe Ltd (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract Dispersed flows of droplets and particles abound in nature; from clouds, mist and fogs to the long-range transport of fine dust released in desert storms or in volcanic eruptions. Such flows control the weather and influence the climate. They play key roles in many industrial energy processes from spray drying, pneumatic and slurry transport, fluidized beds, to coal gasification and mixing and combustion processes. They can have a profound effect on our health and quality of life, from the spread of communicable diseases to the inhalation of very fine air-borne particulates. Modelling and computing all of the above process accurately and efficiently is therefore important in our control of the environment, improving our health, and in the design and improvement of industrial processes.This proposal is about developing and applying a novel approach to modelling and computing these processes. The approach is called the probability density function (pdf) approach and is analogous to thekinetic theory of gases in that, central to the approach, is a master equation (analogous to the Maxwell-Boltzmann equation) from which can be derived the basic continuum conservation equations and associated constitutive relations for the treatment of the particulate phase as a fluid (e.g.expressions for the viscous shear stress of the fluid in terms of the rate of straining of the fluid). Whilst two-fluid model equations (for the treatment of both the carrier and particle phases as fluids)are the most efficient way of computing the transport of both phases, and ideal for implementation within the standard framework of a CFD code, it has long been recognised that they have severe limitations because the wall-boundary conditions necessary for solution of the equations for the dispersed phase are incompatible with the natural wall boundary conditions. This is because particle wall interactions are concerned with changes in the particle velocity at the wall which are not a feature oftwo-fluid model equations. Whilst several attempts have been made to incorporate particle-wall interactions into the standard boundary conditions of two-fluid models, the boundary conditions so contrived are artificial and depend upon some a priori knowledge of the particle velocity distribution at the wall. The significant feature of the pdf approach is that it deals with the particle velocity distribution as well as that of its position so that the boundary conditions for the solution ofthepdf equation are compatible with those of the natural boundary conditions.Whilst this proposal will use pdf methods to develop and solve the continuum equations of the particulate phase, the most challenging aspect is the application of pdf methods to particle-wall interactions and near wall behaviour where because of the imposed boundary conditions and the steep changes in wall turbulence, continuum equations are inapplicable. Such restrictions do not apply to the pdf approach.The strategy for calculating particle flows using a pdf approach, will be to divide the flow into near and far wall regions. In the near wall region the pdf equations will be used exclusively to obtain wall functions which incorporate the natural boundary conditions and the near wall behaviour. These wall functions will then be used to solve for the far wall behaviour where the continuum equations will be derived from the pdf method.The work proposed is both innovating and challenging from boththe modelling and computational points of view: the application of the pdf method explicitly to solve for the near wall behaviour and particle wall interactions is radical and entirely new; matching the near wall solution (wall function) with the far wall flow solution will require an entirely new numerical approach, whilst the solutions of the far wall continuum equations will in themselves require the use of non-standard techniques
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 08/06/07