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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/G007217/1
Title Step change material efficiency for steel and aluminium.
Status Completed
Energy Categories Energy Efficiency(Industry) 100%;
Research Types Applied Research and Development 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Metallurgy and Materials) 50%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 50%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 50%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Consumer attitudes and behaviour) 25%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Technology acceptance) 25%;
Principal Investigator Dr JM Allwood
No email address given
University of Cambridge
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 January 2009
End Date 31 July 2014
Duration 67 months
Total Grant Value £1,565,446
Industrial Sectors Aerospace; Defence and Marine; Construction; Energy; Manufacturing; Transport Systems and Vehicles
Region East of England
Programme Energy : Energy
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr JM Allwood , Engineering, University of Cambridge (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Ford Motor Company (0.000%)
Project Contact , Ramboll UK Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , University of Oxford (0.000%)
Project Contact , Alcoa Europe Flat Rolled Products (0.000%)
Project Contact , Boeing United Kingdom Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , Crown Packaging Plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , Novelis Global Technology Centre, USA (0.000%)
Project Contact , Siemens VAI (0.000%)
Project Contact , Corus (0.000%)
Project Contact , Innoval Technology Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Ove Arup & Partners Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Cambridge Programme for Industry (0.000%)
Project Contact , Celsa Steel UK (0.000%)
Project Contact , Danieli Davy Distington Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , International Aluminium Institute (0.000%)
Project Contact , Jaguar Land Rover Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , National Metals Technology Centre (NAMTEC) (0.000%)
Project Contact , Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) (0.000%)
Project Contact , Short and Associates (0.000%)
Project Contact , Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA (0.000%)
Project Contact , Network Rail Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Caterpillar UK Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , TWI Technology Centre (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract Achieving the carbon target for steel and aluminium requires an industry-wide transformation which will result in new business models and new metal flows. The proposal aims to identify credible scenarios for achieving the target, to specify the barriers to achieving them, and to define the economic and policy measures required to drive change. In parallel, the proposal aims to deliver basic technology research that will allow more options for a future materially efficient steel and aluminiumeconomy.It is widely agreed that a cut of at least 60% in global greenhouse gas emissions will be required by 2050 to limit the adverse effects of climate change. Steel and aluminium are responsible for 8% of global energy related emissions. Industry efforts to date have focused on reducing energy in primary production, and recycling metal by melting and re-casting. However, demand for both steel and aluminium is forecast to double, recycling rates are already around 60-70% and the most optimistic projections for energy efficiency improvements deliver only 30% reduction per unit output of material.Efficiency improvements alone are not sufficient, but the 2050 target can be achieved if, in addition to existing measures, energy used in converting ingots to products is halved, the volume of metal used in each application is reduced, and a substantial fraction of metal is re-used without melting. In pursuing this strategy, this proposal is aligned with the EPSRC strategic theme on energy demand reduction.The need for clarity about the physical implications of responding to the carbon target has become a major priority in the metal producing and using industry. Without the work described in this proposal, it is not possible for the government, industry and the public to understand and negotiate the choices they must collectively make in order to meet the carbon target in this sector. Accordingly, this proposal comes with support of 2 million in committed effort from 20 global companies, all with operations in the UK. The business activities of the consortium span primary metal production, conventional recycling, equipment manufacture, road transport, construction, aerospace, packaging and knowledge transfer.The work of the fellowship will be split between business analysis and technology innovation themes. The business analysis theme will identify future scenarios, barriers and a roadmap for meeting the target. This work will include specificanalysis of future metal flows, application of a global economic model and the analysis of policy measures. The technology innovation theme aims to optimize the requirements for metal use through novel manufacturing process design, to increase material and energy efficiency in forming and finishing, and to develop solid-state closed-loop recycling for metals. Both themes will be developed in collaboration with the consortium, and will also draw on an international scientific panel and a cross-disciplinary advisory panel in Cambridge.The work will lead to two major reports for wide distribution, direct dissemination into the partner companies, training courses, technology assessments and physical demonstrations of the technology innovations. These will include a demonstration for public engagement. The results of the work on steel and aluminium will be used to stimulate interest among business leaders in other sectors, and will form the basis for a longer term Centre for Low CarbonMaterials Processing in Cambridge.The Leadership Fellowship offers a unique and timely opportunity to undertake the basic research required to drive a step-change in material efficiency, by demonstrating that a different flow of metal through the global economy is technically and economically possible, and by inspiring and informing those who can influence change

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Added to Database 22/08/08