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Reference Number EP/G068933/1
Title Collaborative Research in Energy with South Africa: Fundamental Characterisation of Autoignition and Flame Propagation of Synthetic Fuels
Status Completed
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(Coal, Coal combustion) 5%;
FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(Coal, Coal conversion (excluding IGCC)) 10%;
RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES(Bio-Energy, Other bio-energy) 5%;
RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES(Bio-Energy, Production of transport biofuels (incl. Production from wastes)) 80%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Chemistry) 20%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 80%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr M Lawes
No email address given
Mechanical Engineering
University of Leeds
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 October 2009
End Date 30 September 2013
Duration 48 months
Total Grant Value £396,550
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region Yorkshire & Humberside
Programme Energy : Energy
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr M Lawes , Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds (99.997%)
  Other Investigator Professor J (John ) Griffiths , Sch of Chemistry, University of Leeds (0.001%)
Professor D Bradley , Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds (0.001%)
Professor C Sheppard , Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Sasol Technology Research Laboratory (0.000%)
Project Contact , Shell Global Solutions UK (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract Sustainable and secure fuels for road and air transport are essential to the vitality of both western and developing economies. Novel alternative fuels and supplies are required to meet the global challenges of declining oil reserves and concerns over the security of remaining supplies, as well as the enviromental imperative for greener fuels to offset CO2 generation. Liquid fuels offer the highest energy density for transportation applications and Synthetic liquid fuels, which can be produced from renewable and non-food bio feedstocks as well as solid and gaseous fuel supplies, offer exciting possibilities for partial or even total substitution of remaining fossil fuel supplies. There is a growing international interest in synthetic jet-fuels, for example, with the Fischer-Tropsch process central to their production. South Africa are pioneers and international leaders in the F-T process.The behaviour of these new fuels must be fully characterised and understood if they are to bewidely employed and technologies developed for their effective deployment. This proposal relates to the vital and inter-related fuel characteristics of autoignition and burning velocity. In this collaboration with internationally leading South African synthetic fuels researchers at the University of Cape Town, these fundamental characteristics will be experimentally determined for both synthetic kerosenes, to be used in aviation jet-fuels, and synthetic gasolines for road transporation.The project also includes mathematical and computational modelling employing the data generated from the experimental studies, including on how autoignition and gas motion couple to generate pressure waves and pressure oscillations and engine cycle models to predict the performance and "knock" properties of synthetic fuels
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 16/06/09