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Reference Number EP/G061327/1
Title Design and Delivery of Robust Hospital Environments in a Changing Climate (DeDeRHECC)
Status Completed
Energy Categories ENERGY EFFICIENCY(Residential and commercial) 75%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields SOCIAL SCIENCES (Economics and Econometrics) 10%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Architecture and the Built Environment) 50%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 50%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Consumer attitudes and behaviour) 25%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Other sociological economical and environmental impact of energy) 25%;
Principal Investigator Professor CA Short
No email address given
University of Cambridge
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 September 2009
End Date 28 February 2013
Duration 42 months
Total Grant Value £896,583
Industrial Sectors Construction; Environment; Healthcare
Region East of England
Programme LWEC : LWEC
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor CA Short , Architecture, University of Cambridge (99.996%)
  Other Investigator Dr CM Eckert , Design & Innovation, Open University (0.001%)
Professor J Clarkson , Engineering, University of Cambridge (0.001%)
Professor K Lomas , Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University (0.001%)
Dr CJ Noakes , Civil Engineering, University of Leeds (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Addenbrookes Hospital (0.000%)
Project Contact , Bradford Hospital NHS Trust (0.000%)
Project Contact , Department of Health - Leeds (0.000%)
Project Contact , Hemel Hempstead General Hospital (0.000%)
Project Contact , University Hospitals of Leicester NHS (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract The Department of Health (DH) and the NHS are particularly exercised by climate change. Whereas the occupants of other building types might consider raising their comfort temperature thresholds a little in summer and suspend the use of mechanical cooling, NHS patients' well being and safety may well be compromised by higher summer temperatures. In fact the DH and the NHS are hit by a double whammy, the pressure to reduce energy consumption, colliding with the pressure to protect their patients and staff from overheating, the dangers of which were manifest in recent years' summer heatwaves. Innovative low energy design strategies and techniques will be required both for new buildings and, most importantly, for the existing building stock, the 27,701,676 square metres of the NHS Retained Estate. However there are many barriers to the implementation of such innovative interventions in NHS buildings, patient safety being paramount. Worries include the inability to achieve stable temperature control and safe ventilation (the airborne transmission of pathogens is an emerging science as our colleague Dr.Cath Noakes freely admits), the proliferation in the use of medical equipment adding heat to hospital interiors and the mechanics of modern contractual arrangements which place private companies in charge of the Facilities Management of health buildings, which, unsurprisingly, given the penalties they face, are ultra-cautious about adopting change.This project, 'Design and delivery of Robust Hospital Environments in a Changing Climate' (DeDeRHECC), will investigate these conundra to come up with economical and practical low energy refurbishment strategies for existing hospitals. It will derive a closer definition of resilience in the context of an acute hospital and, most particularly, the criteria set for hospital environments for the various categories of space found in hospitals; non-clinical, patient rooms, diagnostic and treatment, even operating theatres. The team is sceptical that these all align into a cherent requirement and will review UK and US criteria. Using four sets of hospital sites drawn from the project's four participating major NHS Trusts, it will 'catalogue' basic hospital building types from this sizeable sample of NHS stock, identify those most frequently occurring, assess their current resilience to climate change and propose appropriate solutions or clusters of interventions for each 'type'. Itwill model these ideas so that relative energy savings can be quantified and their resilience to warming external temperatures determined. It will cost them. It will calculate the lifetime running costs and energy savings and assess Value for Money. It will also examine the procurement environment in which these innovative solutions need to be delivered, the protocols by which refurbishment projects are designed, approved and implemented.Their delivery will incur risks. The project will takeinnovative risk assessment tools for change, developed for engineering design, and apply them to these future large and medium scale construction projects. It will develop processes to make the integration of these innovative, low energy interventions into hospital refurbishment projects smoother and more familiar to those who will be delivering them. It will produce guidance and worked examples in text and web form and, most significantly, as a DVD film of participants discussing the challenges, their anxieties, the ideas and how to deliver them. Accompanying animations will communicate the strategies and communications vividly and quickly to very busy people
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 16/04/09