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Reference Number EP/L014742/1
Title Hydrogen in metals - from fundamentals to the design of new steels (HEmS)
Status Completed
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(Oil and Gas, Other oil and gas) 10%;
NUCLEAR FISSION and FUSION(Nuclear Fission, Nuclear supporting technologies) 10%;
HYDROGEN and FUEL CELLS(Hydrogen, Other infrastructure and systems R&D) 30%;
NOT ENERGY RELATED 50%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Metallurgy and Materials) 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Professor AC Cocks
No email address given
Engineering Science
University of Oxford
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 09 December 2013
End Date 08 December 2019
Duration 72 months
Total Grant Value £5,481,675
Industrial Sectors Aerospace; Defence and Marine; Energy; Environment
Region South East
Programme NC : Engineering
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor AC Cocks , Engineering Science, University of Oxford (99.992%)
  Other Investigator Dr P Rivera Diaz del Castillo , Materials Science & Metallurgy, University of Cambridge (0.001%)
Dr G Csanyi , Engineering, University of Cambridge (0.001%)
Dr PAJ Bagot , Materials, University of Oxford (0.001%)
Dr M P Moody , Materials, University of Oxford (0.001%)
Professor MW Finnis , Materials, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Professor WM Rainforth , Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield (0.001%)
Professor AT Paxton , Mathematics & Physics, Queen's University Belfast (0.001%)
Professor A De Vita , Physics, King's College London (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Sheffield Forgemasters Engineering Ltd (SFEL) (0.000%)
Project Contact , National Physical Laboratory (NPL) (0.000%)
Project Contact , Granta Design Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , SKF Group (UK) (0.000%)
Project Contact , Rolls-Royce PLC (0.000%)
Project Contact , ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe, Germany (0.000%)
Project Contact , Vanitec Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Tata Group UK (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract Hydrogen is the lightest of the elements and has some remarkable properties and uses. Its isotopes will provide the nuclear fusion fuel for humanity in the next half century. Even now, it is probably the cleanest available fuel for motor cars and its extraction from sea water using solar power and subsequent transport around the globe is mooted as a potential solutions to our energy crisis. Because of its atomic size, hydrogen is not easy to contain as it diffuses readily through the lattice of solid materials, frequently by quantum mechanical tunnelling. The problem has a darker side; hydrogen has been known for over a hundred years to cause catastrophic failure in high strength steels. All welders know to keep their manual metal arc electrodes dry to avoid the generation of hydrogen from the decomposition of water during welding. The alloys resulting from our experiments and modelling will impact directly on the fuel efficiency of the next generation of automobiles, the service lifetimes of wind turbines and pipelines and lead to the development of new valve gear, and hydrogen handling and transport systems. We expect this to lead to improved profitability of our project partners and the sustainability of UK industry. The project will develop new design procedures for ultra-high strength steels that resist embrittlement due to the presence of hydrogen for use in the above applications . This will be achieved through a series of advances in materials characterisation, testing and modelling. New experimental techniques will be developed to identify the structure of defects in engineering alloys and how they trap hydrogen. Understanding this trapping process is a key step in understanding how and why hydrogen embrittles steels. A range of modelling techniques from the atomistic through to the continuum will be developed and employed to provide detailed information about the embrittling mechanisms and how these depend on the steel microstructure. This will allow microstructures to be identified that are resistant to hydrogen embrittlement. This information will be employed to guide the development of new procedures for the design of alloys and heat treatments that result in steels that are resistant to attack by hydrogen. These techniques will be validated by processing a range of new alloys designed using our new methodology and examining their mechanical performance in the presence of hydrogen
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 30/09/13