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Reference Number EP/L015013/1
Title A whole-life approach to the development of high integrity welding technologies for Generation IV fast reactors
Status Completed
Energy Categories NUCLEAR FISSION and FUSION(Nuclear Fission, Nuclear supporting technologies) 100%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Metallurgy and Materials) 50%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 50%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Professor M C Smith
No email address given
Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering
University of Manchester
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 30 June 2014
End Date 31 December 2020
Duration 78 months
Total Grant Value £1,024,548
Industrial Sectors Energy; Manufacturing
Region North West
Programme Manufacturing : Manufacturing
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor M C Smith , Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, University of Manchester (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , EDF Energy Nuclear Generation Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Australia (0.000%)
Project Contact , Rolls-Royce PLC (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract "Weld modelling" is a powerful tool in understanding the structural performance of welded structures. Conventional continuum-mechanics-based predictions of the stresses generated by welding have achieved considerable success in understanding the in-service performance and degradation mechanisms of welds in the UK's nuclear reactor fleet. However their practical use is currently limited to materials that do not undergo so-called solid state phase transformation (SSPT) during welding, since the presence of SSPT makes it necessary to predict changes in the material microstructure in order to predict the stresses. In addition, the microstructural changes imposed by welding have a profound influence on a weld's resistance to creep, thermal ageing, oxidation, stress corrosion and other in-service degradation mechanisms, and upon its sensitivity to the presence of cracking.The Fellowship research programme aims to extend conventional weld modelling into a multi-disciplinary tool that can predict both continuum parameters such as stress & distortion, and microstructural parameters such as grain size and shape, the occurrence of secondary phases, and precipitate distributions, and hence both directly predict long term structural performance and be used for "virtual prototyping " of weld processes and procedures for novel welding processes. Success offers the prospect of better understanding of in-service performance of welds in both the existing UK nuclear reactor fleet, and in any industrial sector where the long term structural performance of welds is important. It will also aid the choice of weldment materials, joint design and welding process for structural welds in new-build nuclear power plants, and in advanced Generation IV designs that may be built on a longer time frame.
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 04/12/13