go to top scroll for more


Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/N005961/1
Title Water Energy Food: Vaccinating the Nexus
Status Completed
Energy Categories Renewable Energy Sources(Bio-Energy, Other bio-energy) 15%;
Not Energy Related 65%;
Other Cross-Cutting Technologies or Research(Environmental, social and economic impacts) 20%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields BIOLOGICAL AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES (Biological Sciences) 10%;
BIOLOGICAL AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES (Agriculture, Veterinary and Food Science) 20%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (General Engineering and Mineral & Mining Engineering) 10%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 10%;
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences) 10%;
SOCIAL SCIENCES (Economics and Econometrics) 10%;
SOCIAL SCIENCES (Politics and International Studies) 10%;
SOCIAL SCIENCES (Sociology) 10%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 70%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Environmental dimensions) 30%;
Principal Investigator Dr PS Kemp
No email address given
School of Engineering Sciences
University of Southampton
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 July 2015
End Date 31 May 2019
Duration 47 months
Total Grant Value £1,581,410
Industrial Sectors Environment; Food and Drink
Region South East
Programme LWEC : LWEC
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr PS Kemp , School of Engineering Sciences, University of Southampton (99.992%)
  Other Investigator Dr M Di Lorenzo , Chemical Engineering, University of Bath (0.001%)
Professor M Owen , Mathematical Sciences, University of Nottingham (0.001%)
Dr SJ Purdy , IBERS, Aberystwyth University (0.001%)
Mr JP McCalmont , IBERS, Aberystwyth University (0.001%)
Mr D Lumbroso , Water Management, H R Wallingford Ltd (0.001%)
Dr S T Larcom , Land Economy, University of Cambridge (0.001%)
Dr M Acuto , Science, Tech, Eng and Public Policy, University College London (0.001%)
Mr D Yu , Head Office, Previsico (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , RWE npower plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) (0.000%)
Project Contact , Environmental Agency (0.000%)
Project Contact , The Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (CEFAS) (0.000%)
Project Contact , Terravesta (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract The demand for water, energy, and food (WEF) is increasing with a growing population and a larger proportion of people living high hydrocarbon dependent lifestyles. This is placing unprecedented pressure on global WEF resources, a situation that will be exacerbated with a shifting climate. To meet this demand and to ensure long-term WEF security there is a need for integrated, efficient, and sustainable resources management across the sectors. This is essential to enhance and maintain quality of life, and requires the overall system to adapt over appropriate timescales. Analogous to the human immune system, resilience can be enhanced by learning from shocks to the WEF nexus that lead to recovery and adaptation through improving the systems long-term memory. Through shocks to the system (vaccination in this analogy), society is provided the opportunity to improve resilience and sustainable management of the WEF sectors. In this context, shocks are represented by: 1) historic events, 2) controlled experimental manipulation, and 3) defined inputs to models. This project will identify the interconnections between Water Energy and Food (WEF) through the development of an integrated framework and will reveal the vulnerabilities in the system and the diverse connections between the three facets of the nexus. The project consists of three work packages (WPs) that cover a diverse array of scenarios for both aquatic and terrestrial systems integrated with a social science and economic modelling. In WP1 the response of aquatic food organisms to the shock of delivering the water and energy infrastructure plan will be investigated, culminating in the development of planning decision support tools based on integrated hydrodynamic and agent based models. WP2 will take an experimental, field based, and modelling approach to investigate the response of agriculture (focusing on soils and crops) to flooding under alternative climate change scenarios and based on historic data. The social aspects of shifting agricultural regimes, e.g. greater use of bioenergy crops in areas liable to flooding, will be investigated and quantified. WP3 will provide the social and economic modelling that will gather and analyse data obtained from the case studies and provide feedback to improve the models. Further, WP3 will investigate potential barriers to dissemination and uptake of the results within institutions and by end users that may benefit with the view to develop approaches that ameliorate for this. This work package is also dedicated to ensuring delivery of impact which will be enabled through close collaboration with several non-academic partners including industry. Delivery of the project will be managed by a team with diverse interdisciplinary expertise (including engineers, ecologists, agriculturalists, mathematicians, and social scientists) from the Universities of Southampton, Bath, London, Nottingham, Aberystwyth University, Loughborough University, University College London, HR Wallingford, and supported by the Science and Technology Facilities Council. The team has a proven track record in project management, and strong links to industrial partners and other end users. The project will benefit industry, regulators, government, academia and the general public. The findings will be disseminated to: the academic community through publication of high impact research articles; the public through engagement via national and local media and internet and social networking platforms, and a structured Outreach programme involving schools and local science exhibitions; government through political outreach; and key stakeholders via relevant publications and participation in steering group workshops. The outputs will enable regulators to improve guidelines and to streamline the decision making processes for the benefit of industry and the nation as a whole

No related datasets


No related projects


No related publications

Added to Database 01/12/15