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Reference Number EP/F033605/1
Title Building New Capability in Structural Ceramics
Status Completed
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(CO2 Capture and Storage, CO2 storage) 2%;
NUCLEAR FISSION and FUSION(Nuclear Fission, Nuclear supporting technologies) 2%;
HYDROGEN and FUEL CELLS(Hydrogen, Hydrogen storage) 2%;
HYDROGEN and FUEL CELLS(Fuel Cells) 2%;
NOT ENERGY RELATED 92%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Metallurgy and Materials) 50%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 50%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Professor B Lee
No email address given
Materials
Imperial College London
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 July 2008
End Date 30 June 2013
Duration 60 months
Total Grant Value £5,434,535
Industrial Sectors Aerospace; Defence and Marine; Energy; Manufacturing
Region London
Programme Manufacturing: Engineering
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor B Lee , Materials, Imperial College London (99.998%)
  Other Investigator Professor A Kinloch , Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Professor C Hankin , Computing, Imperial College London (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Queen Mary, University of London (0.000%)
Project Contact , Pilkington Group Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Applied Functional Materials Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , Nexia Solutions (0.000%)
Project Contact , DSTL - Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (0.000%)
Project Contact , Dynamic-Ceramic Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Kerneos, France (0.000%)
Project Contact , Calcarb (0.000%)
Project Contact , IDEA League, The Netherlands (0.000%)
Project Contact , Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd, Japan (0.000%)
Project Contact , Heraeus Electro Nite International NV , Belgium (0.000%)
Project Contact , Advanced Defence Materials Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Corus Strip Products UK (0.000%)
Project Contact , University of Manchester (0.000%)
Project Contact , Magnesita Refratários S.A, Brazil (0.000%)
Project Contact , FCT Ingenieurkeramik GmbH, Germany (0.000%)
Project Contact , Adelan Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Kennametal Sintec Keramik UK Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , TWI Technology Centre (0.000%)
Project Contact , Lucideon Ltd (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract We plan to create a world-leading, multidisciplinary, UK Structural Ceramics Centre to underpin research and development of these highly complex materials. Structural ceramics are surprisingly ubiquitous not only in obvious traditional applications (whitewares, gypsum plaster, house bricks, furnace refractories, dental porcelains and hip/knee prostheses) but in hidden applications where their electrical behaviour is also important such as in computers, mobile phones, DVDs etc. Structural ceramics are enabling materials which underpin many key areas of the economy including: energy generation, environmental clean-up, aerospace and defence, transport and healthcare. Key areas where important developments can be made in energy generation include ceramics for plutonium immobilisation and fornext generation nuclear reactor fuels, for ion conductors in solid oxide fuel cells, and for storage of hydrogen for the projected hydrogen economy. Porous ceramics need to be developed for heavy metal and radionuclide capturing filters to help with environmental remediation of soil, air and water and for storage of carbon captured from burning fossil fuels. The next generation of space shuttlesand other military aircraft will rely on ceramic and composite thermal protection systems operating at over 2000C. Ceramic coatings on turbine blades in aircraft enable them to function at temperatures above the melting point of the metals alloys from which they are mostly made, and improved ceramics capable of operation at even higher temperatures will confer improved fuel efficiency with environmental benefits. Our troops need improved personal body & vehicle armour to operate safely in troubled areas and the latest generation of armour materials will use ceramic laminate systems but improvements always need to be made in this field. Ceramic are used increasingly for bone and tooth replacement with the latest materials having the ability to allow natural bone ingrowth and with mechanical properties close to natural bone. It is clear the improved understanding of the mechanical behaviour of ceramics, better and simpler processing and the ability to model structure-processing-property relations over many length scales will lead to significant benefit not just to the UK but to mankind.Our aim is to combine the capabilities of two internationally-leading Departments at ImperialCollege London (Materials and Mechanical Engineering) to form the Centre of Excellence. The Centre will act as a focal point for UK research on structural ceramics but will encourage industrial and university partners to participate in UK and international R&D programmes. 51 companies and universities have already expressed the wish to be involved with promised in-kind support at over 900K.Researchactivities will be developed in three key areas:-Measurement of mechanical properties and their evolution in extreme environments such as high temperatures, demanding chemical environments, severe wear and impact conditions and combinations of these.-High Temperature Processing and Fabrication. In particular, there is a need for novel approaches for materials which are difficult to process suchas borides, carbides, nitrides, materials with compositional gradients and ceramic matrix composites (CMCs).-Modelling of the time-dependence of deformation and fracture of ceramics to predict the useful lifetime of components. The modelling techniques will vary from treating the material asa homogeneous block down to describing the atomic nature of the materials and links between these approaches will be established.In addition to providing the funding that will enable us to create the nucleus from which the centre can grow, mutually beneficial relations with industry, universities and research centres in the UK and abroad will be developed to ensure that a large group of researchers will remain active long after the period for which funding is sought will have ended
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 14/12/07