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Reference Number DTI/CC/325
Title Assessment of Ash Refiring and Mineral Addition on Plant Performance and Ash Disposal
Status Completed
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(Coal, Coal combustion) 80%;
OTHER POWER and STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES(Electric power conversion) 20%;
Research Types Applied Research and Development 100%
Science and Technology Fields ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr G Riley
No email address given
RWE npower plc
Award Type 3
Funding Source DTI
Start Date 01 April 2002
End Date 01 September 2004
Duration 29 months
Total Grant Value £154,000
Industrial Sectors
Region South West
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr G Riley , RWE npower plc (99.996%)
  Other Investigator Project Contact , Chemistry, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Project Contact , TXU UK Limited (0.001%)
Project Contact , UK Coal plc (0.001%)
Project Contact , University of Sheffield (0.001%)
Web Site

This proposal aims to provide coal-fired power stations with a simple, cost effective, means of improving combustion efficiency and reducing particulate emissions by re-firing ash and/or mineraladdition to the coal. This project will:

  • Generate guidelines and identify constraints for re-firing pulverised fuel ash (PFA) and mineral addition.
  • Test ash re-firing at pilot scale and then at full scale.
  • Test mineral addition using an Entrained Flow Reactor.
  • Perform a techno-economic assessment of ash re-firing and mineral addition.

One of the major losses of efficiency on coal fired power plant is due to the unburned carbon found in the pulverised fuel ash (PFA). This carbon-in-ash is lost energy and results in more fuel being burnt to achieve the required plant output, which increases all emissions. High carbon-in-ash can also adversely affect the efficiency of electrostatic precipitators (ESP s) due to the change in the resistivity of the ash, so increasing dust emissions. Preliminary studies carried outby I nnogyhave shown that the carbon contained in fly ash material is still sufficiently reactive and will burn off if fired at high temperature potentially reducing coal burn at a station by as much as 1 .

This project will yield guidelines for ash refiring with diverse fuels and ash types and will also quantify the impact on the operation of the power plant, in particular the safety aspects and the quality of the blend that is used. This will be achieved through first the pilot scale test ingat Innogy s 500kw rig and then the full scale testing of ash re-firing. An important aspect of ash re-firing is the nature of the ash. It is vital that ash characteristics do not change in a way that would affect the ability of ESP s to capture and collect the PFA effectively. It is also important that re-firing does not significantly affect the concentration and mobility of trace metals as this could greatly affect its utilisation. The lower the viscosity of the ash particles the more likelyit will be that these particles will be retained within the boiler as boiler deposits. One way of increasing the stickiness of ash particles, is to change the ash chemistry, which would not only enhance the proportion of bottom ash produced, but would also increase the chances of ash particle agglomeration, thus reducing the proportion of fine ash particles that enter the ESP s.

Testing on the pilot scale facility will concentrate on the likely impact on power plant operation with particular attention to safety and emissions. One aspect that will be closely studied is the possible affect that adding calcium may have on the fly ash.

Publications Related PublicationDTI (2004) Ash Re-Firing And Mineral Addition - Impact On Plant Performance And Ash Disposal: Project Profile 343. DTI Cleaner Coal Technology Programme, URN 04/684, DTI, UK (PDF 805 KB)
Related PublicationDTI (2005) Assessment Of Ash Re-Firing And Mineral Addition - Impact On Plant Performance And Ash Disposal: Project Summary 343. DTI Cleaner Coal Technology Programme, DTI/Pub FES 05/1690, DTI, UK (PDF 606 KB)
Final Report Riley, GS, Beeley, T, Williamson, J, Wigley, F, Russell, NV, Zandi, M, Ricketts, B & Cooper, PR (2005). Assessment of Ash Re-firing and Mineral Addition ??? Impact on Plant Performance and Ash Disposal. Report No. COAL R296 DTI/Pub URN 05/1684, DTI, UK (PDF 243 KB)
Added to Database 01/01/07