Results - Energy Innovation Needs Assessment. Sub-theme report on Road transport (2019)
The road transport sub-theme focusses on innovation opportunities that can reduce
the energy consumption of light, medium and heavy-duty vehicles. The sub-theme
was divided into seven technology families which are described below.
Light duty BEV (LDV BEV); Heavy duty BEV (HDV BEV); Heavy duty dual fuel vehicles;
Heavy Duty Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (HDV FCEV);
Connected Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs);
Mode shifting / Demand reduction
The selection of these technology families was based on a combination of quantitative and
qualitative criteria. The following road transport technologies were excluded:
HDV conventional internal combustion engines (ICEs): ESME simulations did not
highlight high-innovation potential in this technology family. Innovations in ICEs are
nevertheless captured in dual fuel vehicles. The expert group workshop felt strongly that
there is innovation potential which could have a strong bearing upon energy consumption,
especially in the near-to-medium term.
LDV FCEVs: ESME simulations did not highlight high-innovation potential in this
technology family as LDV FCEVs showed lower uptake relative to LDV BEVs in modelling.
Some innovations in FCEVs are nevertheless relevant and these are like those applicable
in HDV FCEVs, which are included.
It is important to consider that some technology families treated in this sub-theme
cut across other sub-themes:
• FCEVs cut across Hydrogen and Fuel Cells, which includes innovations in
hydrogen production, distribution and storage
• Smart logistics and mode shifting cuts across Smart Systems
Although these two technology families have been included in this sub-theme it is
important to be aware of their interconnection with other sectors