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Reference Number EP/S030468/1
Title New trimetallic nanoparticles as catalysts for the conversion of carbon dioxide to renewable fuels
Status Started
Energy Categories RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES (Bio-Energy, Production of other biomass-derived fuels (incl. Production from wastes)) 10%;
HYDROGEN and FUEL CELLS (Fuel Cells) 10%;
NOT ENERGY RELATED 80%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Chemistry) 80%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 20%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Professor GJ Hutchings
No email address given
Chemistry
Cardiff University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 October 2019
End Date 30 September 2023
Duration 48 months
Total Grant Value £1,530,291
Industrial Sectors Chemicals; Energy; Manufacturing
Region Wales
Programme International Centre to Centre
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor GJ Hutchings , Chemistry, Cardiff University (99.994%)
  Other Investigator Dr A Beale , Chemistry, University College London (0.001%)
Professor M Bowker , Chemistry, Cardiff University (0.001%)
Professor R Catlow , Chemistry, University College London (0.001%)
Professor C Kiely , Chemistry, Cardiff University (0.001%)
Dr AJ Logsdail , Chemistry, Cardiff University (0.001%)
Dr S Taylor , Chemistry, Cardiff University (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Johnson Matthey plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , BP International Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Cogent Power Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Sasol Technology Research Laboratory (0.000%)
Project Contact , Shell Global Solutions UK (0.000%)
Project Contact , BASF AG, Germany (0.000%)
Project Contact , Finden Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Haldor Topsøe A/S, Denmark (0.000%)
Project Contact , Max Planck Institutes (Grouped), Germany (0.000%)
Project Contact , SABIC (Saudi Basic Industries Corporation), Saudi Arabia (0.000%)
Project Contact , Syngaschem BV, The Netherlands (0.000%)
Project Contact , Selden Research Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , MCEC (0.000%)
Project Contact , TOTAL (0.000%)
Project Contact , Yara International ASA (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract The Cardiff Catalysis Institute, UK Catalysis Hub, Netherlands Centre for Multiscale Catalytic Energy Conversion (MCEC, Utrecht), and the Fritz-Haber-Institute of the Max Planck Society (FHI, Berlin) will use a novel theory-led approach to the design of new trimetallic nanoparticle catalysts. Supported metal nanoparticles have unique and fascinating physical and chemical properties that lead to wide ranging applications. A nanoparticle, by definition, has a diameter in the range one to one hundred nanometres. For such small structures, particularly towards the lower end of the size range, every atom can count as the properties of the nanoparticle can be changed upon the addition or removal of just a few atoms. Thus, properties of metal nanoparticles can be tuned by changing their size (number of atoms), morphology (shape) and composition (atom types and stoichiometry, i.e., including elemental metals, pure compounds, solid solutions, and metal alloys) as well as the choice of the support used as a carrier for the nanoparticle. The constituent atoms of a nanoparticle that are either part of, or are near the surface, can be exposed to light, electrons and X-rays for characterisation, and this is the region where reactions occur. Our lead application will be catalysis, which is a strategic worldwide industry of huge importance to the UK and global economy. Many catalysts comprise supported metal nanoparticles and this is now a rapidly growing field of catalysis. Metallic NPs already have widespread uses e.g., in improving hydrogen fuel cells and biomass reactors for energy generation, and in reducing harmful exhaust pollutants from automobile engines. Many traditional catalysts contain significant amounts of expensive precious metals, the use of which can be dramatically reduced by designing new multi-element nanocatalysts that can be tuned to improve catalytic activity, selectivity, and lifetime, and to reduce process and materials costs. A major global challenge in the field of nanocatalysis is to find a route to design and fabricate nanocatalysts in a rational, reproducible and robust way, thus making them more amenable for commercial applications. Currently, most supported metal nanocatalysts comprise one or at most two metals as alloys, but this project seeks to explore more complex structures using trimetallics as we now have proof-of-concept studies which show that the introduction of just a small amount of a third metal can markedly enhance catalytic performance.We aim to use theory to predict the structures and reactivities of multi-metallic NPs and to validate these numerical simulations by their synthesis and experimental characterisation (e.g., using electron microscopy and X-ray spectroscopy), particularly using in-situ methodologies and catalytic testing on a reaction of immense current importance; namely the hydrogenation of carbon dioxide to produce liquid transportation fuels. The programme is set out so that the experimental validation will provide feedback into the theoretical studies leading to the design of greatly improved catalysts. The use of theory to drive catalyst design is a novel feature of this proposal and we consider that theoretical methods are now sufficiently well developed and tested to be able to ensure theory-led catalyst design can be achieved.To achieve these ambitious aims, we have assembled a team of international experts to tackle this key area who have a track record of successful collaboration. The research centres in this proposal have complementary expertise that will allow for the study of a new class of complex heterogeneous catalysts, namely trimetallic alloys. The award of this Centre-to-Centre grant will place the UK at the forefront of international catalytic research.
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 16/11/21