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Reference Number EP/J005029/1
Title High Quality Syngas from the Catalytic Gasification of Biomass Wastes
Status Completed
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(CO2 Capture and Storage, CO2 capture/separation) 25%;
HYDROGEN and FUEL CELLS(Hydrogen, Hydrogen production) 25%;
RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES(Bio-Energy, Production of transport biofuels (incl. Production from wastes)) 25%;
RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES(Bio-Energy, Production of other biomass-derived fuels (incl. Production from wastes)) 25%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Chemistry) 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Professor P Williams
No email address given
Energy Resources Research Unit
University of Leeds
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 January 2012
End Date 30 June 2015
Duration 42 months
Total Grant Value £389,014
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region Yorkshire & Humberside
Programme NC : Engineering, NC : Physical Sciences
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor P Williams , Energy Resources Research Unit, University of Leeds (99.999%)
  Other Investigator Dr V Dupont , Energy Resources Research Unit, University of Leeds (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , ITI Energy Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Catal International Ltd (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract The gasification of biomass wastes represents a major thermochemical route to produce a high energy value hydrogen and methane rich syngas from a source which is renewable and CO2-neutral. Coupled with CO2 capture, the process offers a pre-combustion route to carbon capture sequestration for industrial power and electricity production. However, one of the major issues in the gasification process is the production of tar. Tar is a complex mixture of condensable hydrocarbons. The formation of tar causes major process and syngas use problems, including tar blockages, plugging and corrosion in downstream fuel lines, filters, engine nozzles and turbines.This proposal seeks to develop advanced triple function nano-nickel catalysts for, tar removal, enhanced hydrogen/methane production and CO2 capture and thereby produce high yield, clean, high calorific value syngas from the gasification of biomass/waste. Novel catalysts with homogeneous, well dispersed nano-Ni particles on a high-surface functional structured support, will be produced and examined in relation to the process conditions of gasification of biomass wastes for syngas quality in a continuous operation. The mechanisms of tar reactions, catalyst coke formation and sintering will be developed throughout the programme enabling catalysts to be designed to maximise and predict syngas quality from the process of biomass/waste gasification.The project benefits from the collaboration of a gasification system manufacturer and a catalysts development company who will aid the scale up of the catalyst preparation and trials in full scale gasification systems
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 30/01/12