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Reference Number EP/I036389/1
Title Atomic and Macro-scale Studies of Surface Processes: Towards a Mechanistic Understanding of Surface Reactivity and Radionuclide Binding Mechanisms
Status Completed
Energy Categories Nuclear Fission and Fusion(Nuclear Fission, Nuclear supporting technologies) 100%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Physics) 90%;
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences) 10%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 50%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Environmental dimensions) 50%;
Principal Investigator Dr M Ryan
No email address given
Imperial College London
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 April 2012
End Date 31 March 2016
Duration 48 months
Total Grant Value £961,432
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region London
Programme Strategic Partnerships
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr M Ryan , Materials, Imperial College London (99.995%)
  Other Investigator Dr NDM Evans , Chemistry, Loughborough University (0.001%)
Dr NA Burton , Chemistry, University of Manchester (0.001%)
Dr K (Katherine ) Morris , Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University of Manchester (0.001%)
Dr RA Wogelius , Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University of Manchester (0.001%)
Professor JFW (Frederick ) Mosselmans , Science Division, Diamond Light Source Ltd (0.001%)
Web Site
Abstract In this programme we seek to develop a mechanistic understanding of radionuclide (RN) interactions with mineral surfaces, under conditions likely to exist in a geological disposal facility (GDF).This proposal describes integrated experimental and multi-scale modelling studies on selected key surfaces which are designed to address fundamental questions on: (i) how the surfaces of candidate materials in an engineered barrier system (EBS) behave in a typical disposal environment; and (ii) the effect of any alteration processes on RN/surface interactions. Crucially, our approach represents fundamental, underpinning scientific research that will provide mechanistic understanding of key RN retardation processes, simulating a range of post-closure RN retardation scenarios on to candidate EBS and natural surfaces. This approach seeks to develop a methodology that is transferrable to other materials and systems. Such a transferrable, approach supports the current generic stage of the UK disposal programme so that methods developed can be used to perform experiments on other materials using other RNs of interest as the UK geological concept progresses. It allows us to perform key experiments and underpin these with mechanistic prediction approaches. By quantifying the energetic and kinetics of reactions we will create a predictive tool for use in developing and revising more accurate field-scale computational models.The proposal brings together a new, interdisciplinary collaborative team with a range of complementary expertise capable of taking a holistic approach to this complex and challenging issue. Advanced, in-situ surface sensitive experimental techniques will be applied, and developed for hyper-alkaline and radioactive applicability. A key component is to work on real RN materials to provide accurate and unambiguous data for model development.This work will inform regulatory bodies, have a profound impact on the development of the new GDF safety case, and has implications in a wider scientific context
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 30/04/12