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Scientific Research about Climate Change Mitigation in Transport: A critical review

Citation Schwanen, T., Banister, D. and Anable, J. Scientific Research about Climate Change Mitigation in Transport: A critical review. 2011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2011.09.005.
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Author(s) Schwanen, T., Banister, D. and Anable, J.
Opus Title Transportation Research A
Pages 9931006
Volume 45
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2011.09.005

This paper seeks to develop a deeper understanding of the research on climate change mitigation in transport. We suggest that work to date has focused on the effects of improvements in transport technologies, changes in the price of transport, physical infrastructure provision, behavioural change and alternative institutional arrangements for governing transport systems. In terms of research methodologies, positivist and quantitative analysis prevails, although there are signs of experimentation with non-positivist epistemologies and participatory methods. These particular engagements with climate change mitigation reflect mutually reinforcing tendencies within and beyond the academic transport community. We first draw on a revised version of Thomas Kuhns philosophy of science to explore the path dependencies within transport studies, which are at least partly responsible forthe predisposition towards quantitative modelling and technology, pricing and infrastructure oriented interventions in transport systems. We then employ the governmentality perspective to examine how transport academics engagements with climate change mitigation depend on and align with more general understandings of climate change in UK society and beyond. The analysis makes clear that ecological modernisation and neo-liberal governmentality more generally provide the context for the current focus on and belief in technological, behaviour change, and especially market-based mitigation strategies. While current research trajectories are important and insightful, we believe that a deeper engagement with theoretical insights from the social sciences will produce richer understandings of transport mitigation in transport and briefly outline some of the contributions thinking on socio-technical transitions and practice theories can make.