We set out to study how the promise of green 5G is produced and circulated. We conducted an analysis of a UK-focused corpus of documents that represent key sites through which the promise of green 5G is produced, circulated and challenged. By the promise of green 5G we refer to an emerging, overarching, dominant expectation that 5G will produce positive environmental sustainability benefits of various kinds. We employed an analytical approach informed by the sociology of expectations and the concept of technoscientific promises. We asked: what are the particular contents of this promise (i.e. the more specific promises and expectations it is built upon), how do enactors seek to boost its legitimacy and credibility, what activities are involved in its production and circulation and what are its present-day material effects, does the promise exclude or overlook alternative options, and is it challenged? We pursued these aims and questions through a document analysis of a diverse corpus (n=260) comprised of UK newspaper articles and newswire results, and reports and webpage content from industry, standardisation bodies and research consortia.
The European Environment Agency provides sound, independent information on the environment for those involved in developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating environmental policy, and also the general public. The site includes interactive data viewers for datasets. There are also visualizations on specific topics such as Progress on Energy Efficiency in Europe, and publications. A major information source for those involved in developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating environmental policy, and also the general public. Currently, the EEA has 33 member countries. The website is available in a wide range of languages. There is a Semantic Data Service, allowing access to datasets using APIs, but datasets can also be downloaded as zip files and INSPIRE-compliant metadata sets. No registration is needed, but on download, some usage feedback is requested.
Publisher: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Period: 01/01/1971 - 31/12/2049
Rights: Open Access
As well as linking to the OECD Data statistics, this includes statistics from other sources such as the IEA, Nuclear Energy Agency and EUROSTAT, indicator information, factbook and yearbook series and other analyses and syntheses. Differs from the OECD Data offering as it draws on more sources and covers a wider range of countries. Acts as a federated search rather than holding its own datasets. However, there are far more books, papers, factbooks and so on accessible from here.
The SERL research portal will allow accredited UK academic researchers access to pseudo-anonymised gas and electricity smart meter data via a Secure Lab environment. Access is for accredited UK researchers only and must be applied for. Researchers must apply for accreditation to access the data.
Survey of the tendency to regret purchases across 20 product groups. Conducted by YouGov for the wholeSEM project, 19th-20th March 2015. 2,036 responses to an online survey. Results have been weighted and are representative of GB adults. The results were analysed and findings are reported in Skelton & Allwood (2017) Questioning demand: a study of regretted purchases in the UK, Ecological Economics 131, p.499-509
The Electricity Pool operated from 1st April 1990 to 26th March 2001, controlling the trading of electricity within England and Wales. The Electricity Pool data contains system demand and transmission losses plus the price information (/MWh) within the trading pool, comprising the three main prices: Pool purchase price (PPP), the basis of payments to generators; Pool selling price (PSP), the basis of payments by suppliers; and system marginal price (SMP), the highest offered price for any generating set scheduled by the Pool to run before system constraints are taken into account. The Electricity Pool system was replaced by the New Electricity Trading Arrangements (NETA/BETTA) from 27 March 2001. (Note : It is mandatory to acknowledge the UKERC EDC and the data owner Poolit Ltd when any use of this data is made in publications) Explanation of parameters and pool operation PSP : Pool Selling Price, is the price paid mostly by RECs purchasing electricity from the Pool to sell to their final commercial, industrial and residential customers; this value is determined for two distinct price-rule regimes referred to as Table A and Table B periods, such that: PSP = SMP + CC + UPLIFT = PPP + UPLIFT SMP : System Marginal Price is the highest offered price for any generating set scheduled by the Pool before system constraints are taken into account LOLP : Loss Of Load Probability, a decreasing function of the expected amount of excess capacity available during each half-hour period, determined for each half-hour as the probability of a supply interruption due to generation capacity being insufficient to meet demand (the greater the amount of capacity available relative to expected demand in any half-hour, the lower the LOLP and therefore the lower the capacity charge per KWH paid to generators) VOLL : Value Of Lost Load, representing the per kWh willingness of customers to pay to avoid supply interruptions; it was set by the Director General of the Office of Electricity Regulation (OFFER) at 2,000 per megawatt-hour (MWH) for 1990/91 and was then increased annually by the growth in the RPI PPP : Pool Purchase Price, is the price paid to generators for electricity purchased into the Pool CC : Capacity Charge: CC = LOLP * (VOLL - SMP) is a signal to generators of the necessity for additional generation capacity and to consumers that their consumption has a significant probability of requiring the maximum amount of generating capacity available in that load period UPLIFT : a charge to compensate generators for reserve, plant available but not actually used to meet demand, and startup costs, known only ex post and therefore the only price uncertainty from the day ahead perspective; it is collected over at least 28 Table A pricing periods each day (UPLIFT is zero for Table B pricing periods) according to the formula: Availability Payment/MWh = LOLP*(VOLL - max(SMP, bid price))
NREL develops data sets, maps, models, and tools for the analysis of energy and energy efficiency technologies. Research areas include bioenergy, buildings, conentrating solar power, energy analysis, grid modernisation, geothermal, hydrogen and fuel cells, integrated energy solutions, transportation and mobility, water and wind. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy.