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Reference Number EP/Y006143/1
Title Enabling CO2 capture and storage using AI
Status Started
Energy Categories Fossil Fuels: Oil Gas and Coal (CO2 Capture and Storage) 100%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Metallurgy and Materials) 20%;
PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Computer Science and Informatics) 75%;
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences) 5%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr AH Elsheikh

Sch of Energy, Geosci, Infrast & Society
Heriot-Watt University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 May 2023
End Date 31 March 2025
Duration 23 months
Total Grant Value £1,790,579
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region Scotland
Programme Technology Missions Fund
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr AH Elsheikh , Sch of Energy, Geosci, Infrast & Society, Heriot-Watt University (99.993%)
  Other Investigator Professor A Busch , Sch of Energy, Geosci, Infrast & Society, Heriot-Watt University (0.001%)
Dr N Chada , Sch of Mathematical and Computer Science, Heriot-Watt University (0.001%)
Dr D Christopoulos , Edinburgh Business School, Heriot-Watt University (0.001%)
Professor P T Cummings , School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University (0.001%)
Professor F Doster , Sch of Energy, Geosci, Infrast & Society, Heriot-Watt University (0.001%)
Professor C Mccabe , School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University (0.001%)
Dr K Singh , Sch of Energy, Geosci, Infrast & Society, Heriot-Watt University (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) (0.000%)
Project Contact , PETRONAS (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract The International Energy Agency (IEA) has identified Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in deep geological formation as one of the key approaches to reduce CO2 emissions. CCS is a combination of technologies for CO2 capture from large emitter industries and CO2 storage in deep geological formations, preventing its release back into the atmosphere. Currently, there are key barriers for the wide adoption of CCS on a large scale, such as (a) the high cost of CO2 capture that is an energy intensive chemical process, (b) the high cost of subsurface CO2 storage especially at the early stages of site selection and characterization of safe storage sites, and (c) the uncertainties in how CCS projects are financed and the interplay between technological innovation and policy intervention on the CO2 market and emission targets.In this project, we aim to utilize our expertise in AI to address these barriers. The first is to accelerate material discovery for energy efficient CO2 capture using liquid solvent (a type of liquid that serves to dissolve CO2). In this task, AI aims to replace standard expensive predictive methods (using molecular dynamic simulations) with fast and robust tools using machine learning. Further, the search of possible solvents will be accelerated by using effective tools developed by the AI community for high dimensional optimisation and control.For the CO2 storage site selection, numerical simulations provide a pathway to understand the long-term fate of injected CO2 and risks of leakage back to the atmosphere. However, standard numerical simulations are expensive, fail to propagate flow information from the small-scale to the large-scale flow features and generally underestimates the geological uncertainty. In this task, AI will be used to model flow in the subsurface by fast digital twins to help design and manage CO2 storage with an ability to link scales and include all sources of uncertainty. Recently, we have developed a new, and potentially revolutionary, AI methods using repurposed AI software libraries to implement some of the standard numerical methods applied in computational physics codes to gain platform-independent codes with increased performance. Further, AI libraries are much easier to couple and allows us to bridge information across-scales effectively.Financing CCS projects necessitate policy intervention. We employ network sciences and novel forecasting methods to study and understand the complex interaction of the rate of innovation, policy and CO2 markets on adoption of CCS technologies. In summary, we will develop AI techniques to decrease the cost of CCS projects via advance simulation techniques, better financial modelling and discovery of new energy efficient capture solvents.
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 28/06/23