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Reference Number EP/Z533129/1
Title REnewable Energy access for Future UK Net-Zero Cooling (Reef-UKC)
Status Funded
Energy Categories Renewable Energy Sources 70%;
Other Cross-Cutting Technologies or Research (Energy system analysis) 20%;
Energy Efficiency 10%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields SOCIAL SCIENCES 30%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 70%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy 30%;
Principal Investigator Dr A Rezk

College of Engineering and Physical Sci
Aston University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 July 2024
End Date 30 June 2026
Duration 24 months
Total Grant Value £414,886
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region West Midlands
Programme Energy and Decarbonisation
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr A Rezk , College of Engineering and Physical Sci, Aston University (99.997%)
  Other Investigator Professor GG (Graeme ) Maidment , Faculty of Engineering, Science and the Built Environment, London South Bank University (0.001%)
Prof P (Patricia ) Thornley , Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, University of Manchester (0.001%)
Dr X Wang , Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham (0.001%)
Web Site
Abstract A recent study by UK universities found that cooling currently accounts for 10-20% of the country's energy consumption, and the demand for cooling is expected to increase several-fold in the coming years. The Imperial College's Demand.ninja model shows that London is experiencing the fastest increase in cooling demand worldwide, mainly due to frequent and severe heatwaves. A separate study from the University of Oxford warns that the UK is unprepared for a 30% relative increase in cooling demand, the third-largest globally, after Ireland and Switzerland. Additionally, emerging sectors such as hydrogen production require significant cooling for efficient storage and distribution, with the production of ammonia as a hydrogen carrier being a high cooling demand process at 2.8 GJ/ton-ammonia.Cooling is an energy intensive practice. If we continue to use grid electricity to power cooling systems, along with the increasing demand for other uses like electric vehicles, the grid will become significantly strained, hindering its decarbonisation. The Reef-UKC network aims to lead research in discovering the next generation of renewable energy technologies to meet the growing demand for cooling. We'll undertake evidence-based, multidisciplinary research using pump-priming funds and networking activities to leverage renewable energy sources for cooling. Our research will maximise system-level integration benefits while addressing the unique challenges of the UK's economic, environmental, societal, behavioural, and political contexts. Since cooling is a multidimensional challenge, we will focus on several fronts (F) to achieve our goals.F1: Develop efficient renewable-powered cooling system-level solutions to meet the existing and future demand for cooling, specifically in rapidly growing sectors, e.g., Hydrogen, data centres.F2: Consider environmental and social impacts and behavioural changes.F3: Contemplate Cold economy, business modelling, sustainability, and design for circularity.F4: Integrate the developed solutions with the developed cooling (and potentially heating) networks approaches by other research initiatives. F5: Develop policies and regulatory frameworks to incentivise the adoption of the technology packages and communication with the UK government and local authorities
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 05/06/24