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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/P012035/1
Title Energy Resilient Manufacturing 2: Enabling Practical TPVs for Waste Heat Recovery
Status Completed
Energy Categories Energy Efficiency(Other) 25%;
Energy Efficiency(Industry) 75%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Physics) 50%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 50%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Professor A Krier
No email address given
Lancaster University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 January 2017
End Date 30 June 2021
Duration 54 months
Total Grant Value £608,817
Industrial Sectors Manufacturing; Energy
Region North West
Programme Manufacturing : Manufacturing
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor A Krier , Physics, Lancaster University (99.998%)
  Other Investigator Dr P Carrington , Engineering, Lancaster University (0.001%)
Dr ARJ Marshall , Physics, Lancaster University (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , IQE Plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , Compound Semiconductor Tech Global Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Compound Semiconductor Centre (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract An efficient, practical and cost-effective means for directly converting heat into electricity is a very appealing concept. In principle, thermo-photovoltaic (TPV) cells could form the critical component of various systems for generating electricity from different types of heat sources including combustion processes, concentrated sunlight, waste process heat, and radio isotopes. This opens up a wide variety of possibilities for technology uptake and so TPV systems can be envisaged for use in applications ranging from small power supplies to replace batteries, to large scale co-generation of electricity.However, existing TPV cells are based on GaSb and are spectrally matched to heat sources at temperatures of ~1800 oC which limits their practical implementation and widespread uptake. GaInAsSb TPV cells with bandgap 0.53 eV have exhibited excellent performance with internal quantum efficiency near 95%. But, currently these are lattice-matched on GaSb substrates making them too expensive for practical implementation except in specialist high value or space applications. TPV development on larger format GaAs substrates will enable effective technology uptake through cheaper volume manufacturing of TPV cells. Consequently, there is a need to transfer the GaInAsSb cell architecture to GaAs.In this project we shall build on existing UK based world class III-V semiconductor materials expertise to fabricate novel low bandgap InGaAsSb TPV arrays on inexpensive GaAs substrates, capable of efficient electricity generation from thermal waste heat sources in the range 500-1500 oC commonly encountered in industrial processes. These monolithic arrays will be validated on-site together with our industry partners at Pilkington and MPIUK (Tata steel). The project will demonstrate the next step towards fabrication of large area TPV arrays essential for the commercial viability of TPV heat recovery, and will enable their widespread implementation in a wide range of high energy consumption industries such as glass, steel and cement manufacture, oil/gas and energy generation.
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 13/11/18