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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/P009182/1
Title Minimising the adverse effects of water jetting
Status Completed
Energy Categories Renewable Energy Sources(Wind Energy) 75%;
Fossil Fuels: Oil Gas and Coal(Oil and Gas, Other oil and gas) 25%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 50%;
Applied Research and Development 50%;
Science and Technology Fields ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Civil Engineering) 75%;
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences) 25%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr P Shepley
No email address given
Civil and Structural Engineering
University of Sheffield
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 16 January 2017
End Date 15 January 2019
Duration 24 months
Total Grant Value £101,203
Industrial Sectors Construction
Region Yorkshire & Humberside
Programme NC : Engineering
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr P Shepley , Civil and Structural Engineering, University of Sheffield (100.000%)
Web Site
Abstract This proposal aims to facilitate the installation of piled foundations or other tubular structures through the application of water jetting.Water jetting involves firing high pressure water out of the base of a pile whilst simultaneously lowering or pushing the pile into the ground. Water jetting significantly reduces the installation loads, shortening the construction time and reducing any noise and vibration compared to conventional hammering of piles into the ground. These benefits have the potential to reduce the environmental disturbance of construction projects, especially where excessive noise is produced offshore (an increasing issue with new very large diameter monopiles causing disruption to marine animal life), as well as to reduce the total cost of construction (especially relevant to the offshore industry due to the large equipment costs). Proper application of water jetting may even allow very-large diameter offshore pile foundations to be installed to support larger wind turbines, increasing the amount of wind power available to the UK. As a result, a range of industries in the offshore construction sector (including oil and gas and renewable energy) wish to use water jetting in practice.Practitioners have concerns over the adverse effects of water jetting, hence the motivation for this research. These concerns arise from the large volumes of water required during construction and the effects water jetting may have on the final stability of the installation. The fluid used in water jetting has the potential to disrupt the surrounding soil structure, thus reducing its strength and stiffness. In the extreme this can contribute to catastrophic structural failures. Therefore, the research work proposed here is essential to allow water jetting to be more comprehensively understood, and its effects minimised and predicted prior to construction. This ought to increase its usage and allow the significant benefits of the jetting process to be realised.The first part of this project seeks to understand the soil response to water jetting, through small scale tests of transparent sand-like particles and a matched transparent fluid. These materials allow the fluid-particle interaction to be imaged in the centre of the model using a laser sheet and multiple cameras. From this, the jetting mechanism will be directly observed for the first time without disrupting the surrounding boundary conditions. This transparent modelling approach will allow the applicant to develop analytical relationships that govern the fluidisation and transportation of granular materials in high energy fluid flows in order to predict the performance of water jetting in the field.The second part of this project will see the modelling of several water jetted installations in sand. These will be similar to the installations in the transparent material but will be for larger depths in order to undertake axial and lateral load testing. The results will be compared with jacked installations without jetting to show the effects of water jetting on the final structural properties. This is essential if jetting is to be more widely used in the field.
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 28/01/19