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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/W011697/1
Title Nuclear Data Measurements for Advanced Nuclear Technologies
Status Started
Energy Categories Nuclear Fission and Fusion(Nuclear Fission, Nuclear supporting technologies) 100%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Physics) 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr T J Wright
No email address given
Physics and Astronomy
University of Manchester
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 October 2022
End Date 30 September 2027
Duration 60 months
Total Grant Value £851,897
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region North West
Programme Energy : Energy
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr T J Wright , Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) (0.000%)
Project Contact , National Nuclear Laboratory (0.000%)
Project Contact , Jacobs UK Limited (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract The process of nuclear fission has been exploited as a virtually carbon-free energy source for many decades and it is set to play a major role within future global energy supplies. Advanced Nuclear Technologies are being developed which will serve to provide cheaper, safer and more efficient energy from nuclear fission. These advanced technologies will use new forms of nuclear fuel and designs of reactor which bring inherent technical and scientific challenges which must be tackled to ensure success. Specifically, a complete understanding of the physics governing the many processes involved within these technologies must be obtained. This understanding will come from detailed simulations and calculations and underlying these are the input nuclear data. These nuclear data quantify all the associated nuclear reactions that occur and govern the functionality of these systems. These data sets typically arise from detailed experiments which measure individual quantities to appropriate accuracies. This fellowship shall carry out nuclear data measurements of priority for Advanced Nuclear Technologies. Specifically, measurements of neutron induced fission, scattering and capture cross section measurements will be performed using a variety of techniques and experimental facilities.Neutron cross sections describe the interaction probability of a neutron with a specific nuclide as a function of the incoming neutron's energy and are a key nuclear data input for many applications. These complex interactions cannot be predicted and therefore accurate cross sections must be found through experiment. In order to obtain the required data for advanced technologies, new experimental techniques and facilities must be developed and commissioned.Firstly, neutron fission cross sections will be measured using a novel and innovative technique utilising transfer induced fission in inverse kinematics. Using exotic actinide beams at the ISOLDE, CERN facility the probability of fission and thus the cross section will be extracted using a new detection system based around the ISOLDE Solenoidal Spectrometer. This technique has the advantage that the isotope under study is in the form of a radioactive beam rather than a fixed target, allowing the cross sections of very short-lived and rare isotopes to be studied.Secondly, neutron scattering cross sections will be measured at VESUVIO, ISIS where a sophisticated neutron spectroscopy setup already exists however has yet to be exploited for nuclear data measurements of importance for Advanced Nuclear Technologies.Finally, neutron capture cross section measurements will be performed at facilities such as the world-leading neutron time-of-flight facility n_TOF, CERN which boasts the most intense pulsed-neutron source in the world and GELINA, JRC-GEEL where neutron cross section standards are measured. Within these themes, the common goal and output will be the provision of nuclear data to specifically meet the UK's requirements to aid in the development and delivery of cutting-edge and world-leading Advanced Nuclear Technologies
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 25/01/23