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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/X03593X/1
Title Catalytic Combustion of Ammonia as a Zero-Carbon Fuel: Catalyst Design and Mechanistic Studies
Status Started
Energy Categories Renewable Energy Sources 30%;
Energy Efficiency(Other) 70%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Metallurgy and Materials) 5%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Chemical Engineering) 95%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr M Zhu

School of Water, Energy and Environmen
Cranfield University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 11 December 2023
End Date 10 June 2025
Duration 18 months
Total Grant Value £182,113
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region East of England
Programme NC : Physical Sciences
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr M Zhu , School of Water, Energy and Environmen, Cranfield University (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , EDF Energy (0.000%)
Project Contact , Microtech Ceramics (0.000%)
Project Contact , Samad Power Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Sunborne Systems Limited (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract A mature commodity that can be readily made from renewable resources, ammonia (NH3) offers an environmentally sustainable and low-cost means of transition from fossil fuels to a clean, low-carbon and renewable energy future. The technical challenge is to combust NH3 efficiently with low nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions due to the extremely low flame speed, narrow flammability and high nitrogen content in the fuel. Catalytic combustion offers a promising technology to burn ammonia which is not constrained by the flame speed, flammability limits and have low combustion temperature to supress thermal-NOx formation. Development of cheap yet effective combustion catalysts is therefore needed. The combustion catalysts should be sufficiently active at low temperature for start-up and are able to sustain activity and mechanical integrity at high temperature and has negligible NOx formation in NH3 combustion. This research proposes to incorporate self-induced electrochemical promotion phenomena into the design of combustion catalysts using cheap transition metal oxides, and through this work, the new concept will be validated as a new combustion catalyst design strategy and the underlying structure-performance relationships of catalysts will be revealed. The scientific knowledge to be harnessed will enable the development of effective combustion catalysts to unlock a zero-carbon economy using ammonia as a fuel
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 28/06/23