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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/W027887/1
Title PATCH: Plasma Assisted Thermo-CHemical energy storage for Carnot batteries
Status Started
Energy Categories Other Power and Storage Technologies(Energy storage) 100%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Chemistry) 20%;
PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Physics) 20%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Electrical and Electronic Engineering) 30%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Chemical Engineering) 30%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr Y Li
No email address given
Chemical Engineering
University of Birmingham
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 November 2022
End Date 31 October 2024
Duration 24 months
Total Grant Value £1,078,155
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region West Midlands
Programme Energy : Energy
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr Y Li , Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham (99.997%)
  Other Investigator Dr GA Leeke , Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham (0.001%)
Dr X Tu , Electrical Engineering and Electronics, University of Liverpool (0.001%)
Dr C Xie , Grantham Research Inst on Climate Change, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , C-Tech Innovation Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Scottish and Southern Energy plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , European Metal Recycling (EMR) (0.000%)
Project Contact , GEIRI Europe (0.000%)
Project Contact , Bunting Magnetics Europe (UK) (0.000%)
Project Contact , German Aerospace Center (DLR) (0.000%)
Project Contact , Int Soc for Energy Transit Stud (ISETS) (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract Renewable energy generation as well as the electrification of both transportation (via electric vehicles) and space heating (via heat pumps) are regarded as the key enablers to achieve a net-zero circular economy by 2050. The Prime Minister's Ten Point Plan (November 2020) has set an ambition to grow the installation of electric heat pumps from 30,000 per year to 600,000 per year by 2028. However, the radical and complete replacement of fossil fuels (mainly natural gas for the UK) with renewable for heating will lead to significant 'capability wastes': (1) up to 150GW renewable electricity generation capacity will be mostly idle in other seasons rather than winter if superabundant renewable generation capacity was installation without inter-seasonal storage; (2) about 44GW conventional heat-to-power electricity generation capacity as well as the related infrastructure would be 'wasted' due to lack of carbon-free fuels. The 'waste' heat-to-power generation capacity is sufficient to meet the UK's electricity generation for heating in winters, considering their much higher load factor than renewable generation.One promising approach to tackle these challenges is the so-called 'Carnot Battery' technology, which is a grid-scale system primarily used to store electric energy with three key processes: transforming electricity into heat, storing the heat in inexpensive storage media, and then transforming the heat back to electricity when required. The 'Carnot Battery' is regarded as an emerging technology for the inexpensive and site-independent storage of electrical energy by turning the conventional power plants into grid-scale energy storage plants. However, current R&D efforts using this technology adopt either sensible thermal storage or latent heat storage and therefore are only suitable for short duration applications (e.g., daily/weekly energy management) due to unavoidable self-discharge (heat loss/dissipation).The overall aim of this project is to develop a novel and cost-effective metal oxides redox based thermochemical heat storage technology through the recovery of metallic material wastes, which enables the flexible capture of waste renewable electricity, as well as the timely power generation using otherwise retired thermal power plants. The whole process can realise the concept of 'Carnot Batteries' which could provide both short-term balancing and long-term inter-seasonal services to the grid.
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 21/12/22