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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/F007604/2
Title Measurement, Modelling, Mapping and Managenmment (4M): An Evidence-Based Methodology for Understanding and Shrinking the Urban Carbon Footprint
Status Completed
Energy Categories Energy Efficiency(Residential and commercial) 15%;
Renewable Energy Sources(Solar Energy) 5%;
Renewable Energy Sources(Wind Energy) 5%;
Other Cross-Cutting Technologies or Research(Energy system analysis) 5%;
Other Cross-Cutting Technologies or Research(Environmental, social and economic impacts) 5%;
Not Energy Related 65%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (Geography and Environmental Studies) 40%;
SOCIAL SCIENCES (Sociology) 10%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Architecture and the Built Environment) 25%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Environmental dimensions) 25%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Policy and regulation) 5%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Consumer attitudes and behaviour) 25%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Technology acceptance) 5%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Other sociological economical and environmental impact of energy) 40%;
Principal Investigator Professor K Lomas
No email address given
Civil and Building Engineering
Loughborough University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 13 October 2008
End Date 12 October 2012
Duration 48 months
Total Grant Value £2,549,426
Industrial Sectors Energy; Environment; Transport Systems and Vehicles
Region East Midlands
Programme Energy Multidisciplinary Applications, Energy Research Capacity
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor K Lomas , Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University (99.994%)
  Other Investigator Dr RM Rylatt , Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development (IESD), De Montfort University (0.001%)
Dr AK (Anil ) Namdeo , Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University (0.001%)
Professor MC Bell , Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University (0.001%)
Dr SK Firth , Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University (0.001%)
Dr J Leake , Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield (0.001%)
Professor KJ (Kevin ) Gaston , Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , DEFRA (0.000%)
Project Contact , Groundwork Leicester and Leicestershire (0.000%)
Project Contact , Leicester City Council (0.000%)
Project Contact , Politechnico di Torino (Polytechnic University of Turin), Italy (0.000%)
Project Contact , Royal Society of Arts (0.000%)
Project Contact , English Nature Humber to Penines (0.000%)
Project Contact , Hochschule für Technik Stuttgart (HFT), Germany (0.000%)
Project Contact , JMP Consulting (0.000%)
Project Contact , KTL (Finnish National Public Health) (0.000%)
Project Contact , London Borough of Merton (0.000%)
Project Contact , Yorkshire Wildlife Trust (0.000%)
Project Contact , Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) (0.000%)
Project Contact , The Lean Economy Connection (0.000%)
Project Contact , National Energy Foundation (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract Global warming is a serious threat to mankind and is exacerbated by the release of greenhouse gases, in particular carbon dioxide. In the UK, as in other developed counties, buildings, and the activities in them, and transport generate significant carbon emissions: in the UK buildings 47% and transport 23%, and rising significantly. The UK has legally binding targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and has an intention to cut national CO2 emissions by 60% by 2050. The sequestration of carbon by living plants can 'lock' carbon in soils and ameliorate carbon dioxide emissions. In the UK about 80% of the population live in cities and other urban areas and these are continually expanding.One way to represent carbon emissions from different sources and to compare them is to calculate the carbon footprint. This can be done for an individual, a household, a city (or a country). There are however some difficult problems to be overcome in order to do this.The 4M project will then calculate the carbon footprint of the entire city of Leicester by:* Measuring the carbon released by traffic, and by the burning of fossil fuels in homes and places of work and the rate at which green plants and trees capture carbon and lock it in the soil;* Modelling the effects on carbon budget of road layouts, traffic volumes and traffic speeds, the way we use energy in our homes and places of work; and the way we look after green spaces;* Mapping the sources and sinks ofcarbon for the whole city and comparing this with the social and economic well-being of its 270,000 inhabitants; and* Management studies which will investigate how to shrink the city's carbon footpring through: changing the road network and/or the provision of better public transport; alterations to the maintenance of green spaces and the treatment of waste; the use of renewable and low energy systems to provide power and light; and the operation of individual Carbon Trading (ICT) schemes.ICT schemes give a limited carbon emissions allocation to individuals. People must emit less carbon dioxide than their limit or buy more credits. The tradeoffs that people might make, eg travelling less or buying renewable energy, will be studied. This will be one of the first studies to explore the likely impact of such schemes on the life-styles and well-being of city dwellers.The project consortium consists of the Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development (IESD) at De Montfort University the Institute for Transport Studies (ITS) at the University of Leeds and the Biodiversity and Micro-ecology Group (BIOME) at Sheffield University. It is supported by both central and local government representatives and contributors form various organisations concerned with the future, more sustainable development, of cities in the UK and overseas

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Added to Database 03/09/09