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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/S015868/1
Title Origin and Mechanisms of Flexibility in Molecular Framework Materials: A Data-driven, Graph Theoretical Approach
Status Completed
Energy Categories Not Energy Related 90%;
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells(Hydrogen, Hydrogen storage) 10%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Chemistry) 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr M A Addicoat
No email address given
School of Science & Technology
Nottingham Trent University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 April 2019
End Date 31 December 2021
Duration 33 months
Total Grant Value £205,833
Industrial Sectors R&D
Region East Midlands
Programme NC : Physical Sciences
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr M A Addicoat , School of Science & Technology, Nottingham Trent University (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany (0.000%)
Project Contact , Samara National Research University, Russia (0.000%)
Project Contact , SCM (Software for Chemistry & Materials), The Netherlands (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract Molecular framework materials (MFMs) are an emerging materials class that combines the immense richness of functionalities of molecules with the advantages of regular solid materials. High surface area, tuneable pore size and functional groups offer applications in fields such as gas adsorption and separation, catalysis and sensing. They are synthesised by joining metal clusters (nodes) with organic linkers. There are several dozen possible nodes of different shapes, and almost any organic molecule can be used as a linker resulting in a huge "Molecular Meccano" set for the creation of a vast variety of porous MFMs.Several interesting phenomena have been observed in these materials. Flexibility in the linkers themselves and their attachment to each node leads to breathing and gating behaviour in the materials, without destroying their crystallinity. Framework breathing, for example, can admit guest molecules that would not otherwise fit through pore gates. In a similar manner, small rotations of linkers can create / destroy ideal pockets for absorption of gases such as CO2 and H2.While fundamental to the behaviour of MFMs, this flexibility poses an inherent challenge to the development of these materials and as yet the fundamental atomistic understanding of the breathing phenomena is not at the stage where it can be employed to design these materials. This project will create a database of all known building blocks for MFMs and then use that database to determine degree and type of flexibility inherent in each building block. The flexibility in each building block can then be related back to the overall framework structures and used to design flexible MFM materials tailored for specific applications - e.g. to store energy (hydrogen or methane) or to separate and purify gas mixtures (such as helium in natural gas).
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 15/08/19