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Reference Number DTI/CC/139
Title Improvement in Combustion Efficiency in Utility Boilers
Status Completed
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(Coal, Coal combustion) 80%;
OTHER POWER and STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES(Electric power conversion) 20%;
Research Types Applied Research and Development 100%
Science and Technology Fields ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr P Stephenson
No email address given
RWE npower plc
Award Type 3
Funding Source DTI
Start Date 01 November 1999
End Date 01 February 2003
Duration 39 months
Total Grant Value £418,404
Industrial Sectors
Region South West
Programme
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr P Stephenson , RWE npower plc (99.992%)
  Other Investigator Project Contact , University of Leeds (0.001%)
Project Contact , Chemistry, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Project Contact , Scottish Power Ltd (0.001%)
Project Contact , TXU UK Limited (0.001%)
Project Contact , E.ON UK (formerly PowerGen) (0.001%)
Project Contact , Greenbank Ltd (0.001%)
Project Contact , Babcock International Group plc (0.001%)
Project Contact , Alstom Power Ltd (0.001%)
Web Site
Objectives
  • Review previous work to predict combustion efficiency.
  • Identify how prediction can be made faster and more reliable than existing methods.
  • Develop the ability to predict how a coal will perform on a given boiler (to include ability to allow for specific plant features, eg mills and coal fineness, air ingress).
  • Provide a predictive tool which can be used to quantify combustion improvement from proposed plant modifications.
Abstract

The drive to reduce the environmental impact of power stations is increasing the pressure to improve efficiency of power plant. This is coupled with the drive to reduce costs through the use of a wider range of fuels. Prediction of combustion efficiency (or carbon burnout) in pulverised fuel (pf) fired utility boilers is of increasing importance to UK basedpower generators and manufacturers.

The overall aim of the project was to develop new tools for the reliable and rapid predictionof combustion efficiency of coals in pf-fired utility boilers. This would give the ability to improve fuel selection and chose the most appropriate burner and boiler design for a given fuel.

It is concluded that laboratory-scale and drop tube furnace results are invaluable in providing detailed understanding of the processes occurring during coal combustion and in providing input data for computer models of full scale furnaces. Both Innogy and Powergen have tested sufficient coals ontheir test rigs and on actual power stations to know how to extrapolate results. A new empirical correlation has been developed to enable burnout to predicted for a particular rig or power station.

Publications DTI (2004). Improvement Of Combustion Efficiency In Utility Boilers: Project Summary 294. DTI Cleaner Coal Technology Programme, URN 04/685, DTI, UK (PDF 682 KB)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 01/01/07