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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number DTI/CC/218
Title Predictive and Remedial Measures for Particle Impact Erosion and Abrasion Wear in Cleaner Coal Energy Conversion Technologies
Status Completed
Energy Categories Other Power and Storage Technologies(Electric power conversion) 20%;
Fossil Fuels: Oil Gas and Coal(Coal, Coal production, preparation and transport) 80%;
Research Types Applied Research and Development 100%
Science and Technology Fields ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr S (Stuart ) Mitchell
No email address given
Technology Centre
Babcock International Group plc
Award Type 3
Funding Source DTI
Start Date 01 January 2001
End Date 01 February 2003
Duration 25 months
Total Grant Value £120,000
Industrial Sectors
Region London
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr S (Stuart ) Mitchell , Technology Centre, Babcock International Group plc (99.997%)
  Other Investigator Project Contact , Chemistry, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Project Contact , Plasma & Thermal Coatings Ltd (0.001%)
Project Contact , E.ON UK (formerly PowerGen) (0.001%)
Web Site

A number of the components of cleaner coal energy conversion plants are subject to damage by erosive and abrasive wear particularly by coal or ash material. This is of concern to equipment suppliers who are required to provide commercial guarantees of the operating lifetimes of components, and to plant operators who need to plan maintenance schedules.

There is a requirement for reliable predictive methods for abrasive and erosive wear rates based on the characteristics of th e coals being fired. Recent developments in the application of Computer Controlled Scanning Electron Microscopy (CCSEM) for the quantitative analysis of coals, coal minerals and ash materials provides a new means of obtaining the relevant data on the coal and ash characteristics. This project is intended to make use of these advanced coal characterisation techniques within a programme of experimental work to study the erosiveness and abrasivity of coals and ashes. It is intended that theprogr amme will help:

  • to provide relevant experimental data on the relationships between the ash characteristics of coals and their abrasivity and erosiveness
  • to develop predictive methods which will allow the estimation of the abrasion and erosion properties of unfamiliar coals
  • to identify and test new materials, material combinations and coatings that can provide increased resistance to erosion and abrasion for boiler components
  • to develop design procedures a nd design features for coal-fired boiler plants which can minimise the impact of erosive and abrasive wear

In order to achieve the programme objectives a number of activities are planned including selecting and characterising a suite of coal and ash materials including indigenous coals from India, Southern Africa and China, in addition to British coals and coals traded on the world market using conventional techniques and advanced CCSEM analysis. The abrasion and erosion resistance of a range of materials will be studied. These will include materials employed for the manufacture of mill grinding elements, pf pipework, burner components and boiler tubes plus a number of specific erosion-resistant coatings.

Laboratory-scale testwork to quantify mill component abrasion will be carried out using the Mini-mill test facility operated by Mitsui Babcock in Renfrew. Boiler component material erosion will be tested using the erosion test rig in Renfrew. The test data will be employed in the development of methods for predicting the abrasion and erosion wear ofpower pla nt components and to inform design decisions on materials for specific duties.

Publications DTI (2001) Predictive And Remedial Measures For Particle Impact Erosion And Abrasion Wear In Cleaner Coal Energy Conversion Technologies: Project Profile 293. DTI Cleaner Coal Technology Programme, URN 01/957, DTI, UK (PDF 42 KB)
Final Report Foster, DJ, Livingston, WR, Wells,J, Williamson, J, Gibb, WH & Bailey, D (2004). Particle Impact Erosion and Abrasion Wear - Predictive Methods and Remedial Measures. Report No. COAL R241 DTI/Pub URN 04/701, DTI, UK (PDF 826 KB)
Added to Database 01/01/07