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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/V040235/1
Title New Generation Modelling Suite for the Survivability of Wave Energy Convertors in Marine Environments (WavE-Suite)
Status Started
Energy Categories Renewable Energy Sources(Ocean Energy) 100%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Computer Science and Informatics) 20%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 45%;
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences) 25%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 80%;
Systems Analysis related to energy R&D (Energy modelling) 20%;
Principal Investigator Professor Q Ma
No email address given
Sch of Engineering and Mathematical Sci
City University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 September 2021
End Date 28 February 2025
Duration 42 months
Total Grant Value £1,003,317
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region London
Programme Energy : Energy
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor Q Ma , Sch of Engineering and Mathematical Sci, City University (99.994%)
  Other Investigator Dr V Venugopal , Energy Systems, University of Edinburgh (0.001%)
Professor CC Pain , Department of Earth Sciences, Imperial College London (0.001%)
Dr Z Xie , Engineering, Cardiff University (0.001%)
Dr J Zang , Architecture and Civil Engineering, University of Bath (0.001%)
Dr S Yan , Sch of Engineering and Mathematical Sci, City University (0.001%)
Dr R Arcucci , Data Science Institute, Imperial College London (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China (0.000%)
Project Contact , Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, China (0.000%)
Project Contact , LOC Group (London Offshore Consultants) (0.000%)
Project Contact , Indian Institute of Technology Madras (0.000%)
Project Contact , Mocean Energy (0.000%)
Project Contact , Biscay Marine Energy Platform (0.000%)
Project Contact , CorPower Ocean AB (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract Although there is a long history of research of wave energy convertors (WECs), there are still many challenges that make it difficult to develop effective, reliable and economically viable WECs. One of the challenges is the lack of robust modelling tools to assess survivability of WECs under extreme marine environments that cause extreme loads and large responses. Survivability of WECs needs to be concerned not only in the design stage but also when operational to maximise the amount of harnessed energy and minimise the risk of damage. To assess and analyse the survivability of WECs, one must identify survival conditions, quantify loadings and responses of WECs and characterise the pressure and velocity field of WECs under survival conditions. Identification of survival conditions for WECs requires not only the consideration of severe storms but also of loads and responses of WECs in shorter steep seas, which is different from that for other offshore structures that may just need to consider severe storms giving the largest wave heights. High precision quantification of loadings and responses of WECs must consider wave breaking and viscosity, which will provide dominate factors for conceptual design and to determine if the device needs to be shut down. Characterisation of the pressure and velocity fields of WECs needs to resolve two-phase flow with vortex structures to sufficient detail, which will provide information for structural and components design. In addition, as the waves in the survival conditions are highly nonlinear, they must be simulated for a long propagating duration in a large domain to allow them to sufficiently evolve. Therefore, the numerical modelling tools for analysing WEC survivability should have the capability of dealing with breaking waves and two-phase flow and accurately estimating the effect of viscosity in turbulent states. In the meantime, the tools must be fast enough so that engineers can simulate the cases within practical time-scales for design.Many numerical models with various levels of accuracy and efficiency exist, but none of them can adequately deal with the extreme conditions found in practice. Some models are phase-averaged, being computationally efficient but not sufficiently accurate. Some models are phased-resolved, based either on the potential theory or the viscous theory. The most advanced potential models are fully nonlinear and much faster than viscous models, but could not deal with wave breaking and turbulence which always occurs for WECs. The viscous models can theoretically deal with the physical phenomena but are generally very computationally expensive, perhaps also suffering from unwanted numerical dissipation. This project will develop a novel numerical modelling suite by combining different models and by proposing new numerical approaches and machine learning techniques, which will be more accurate and require less computational effort. The modelling suite will be able to automatically go up to fully nonlinear simulations and down to linear simulations depending on the level of nonlinearity of waves and their interaction with the WECs. The new modelling suite will be validated by data measured from WEC models in the laboratory and real devices at sea, and will be applied to assess the parameters relevant to the survivability and reliability of WECs. During the project, an advisory board will be set up to give the suggestions on specific research topics, and regular project meetings/workshops will be held to attract the interests of WECs stakeholders and disseminate the research outcomes. Our project partners will be invited to be a member of the advisory board and to attend or contribute to the meetings/workshops. Databases for different types of WECs will be created during this project, which will be accessible by general public
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 22/11/21