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Reference Number EP/G004072/1
Title Materials design with high-throughput computing: metal borides
Status Completed
Energy Categories HYDROGEN and FUEL CELLS(Hydrogen, Hydrogen storage) 15%;
OTHER POWER and STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES(Energy storage) 15%;
NOT ENERGY RELATED 70%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Metallurgy and Materials) 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr A Kolmogorov
No email address given
Materials
University of Oxford
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 October 2008
End Date 31 August 2012
Duration 47 months
Total Grant Value £563,535
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region South East
Programme Energy : Physical Sciences
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr A Kolmogorov , Materials, University of Oxford (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Ilika Technologies Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract Realization of new technologies that are able to minimize energy consumption and reduce our dependence on fossil fuels depends critically on the development of novel materials. For example, the most immediate obstacle to the widespread use ofhydrogen as a clean energy carrier is the practicality of hydrogen storage for on-board applications: no existing materials satisfy the required specifications. Superconductors can also have a major impact on numerous technologies in transportation, medicine, electronics etc., provided that they can operate at relatively high temperatures and carry significant current.I plan to explore an important class of materials, metal borides, that have a wide range of potential applications: superconductors, hydrogen stores, batteries, catalysts, and hard coatings. My main goal is to perform an extensive ab initio analysis of metal boride properties that will reveal binding mechanisms across a wide range of structures and compositions. I will use the acquired fundamental knowledge to develop an efficient compound prediction method - a new method is required because the complexity of metal borides' morphologies prohibits the use of automated compound prediction methods recently developed for metal alloys. Development of such a tool will speed up the design of multi-component metal borides for specific applications.I have already attempted to use this strategy for rational materials design during my postdoctoral work and demonstrated its effectiveness on particular examples. I have revisited a few selected binary and ternary metal-boron systems and identified several previously overlooked promising candidate compounds with appealing properties. This gives grounds for optimism that a more large-scale systematic search for stable phases will reveal new materials of great practical importance. My main focus will be on metal borides with potential for superconductivity or hydrogen storage, as I have expertise in these fields. As part of my career development I also plan to extend my research to other areas, such as battery applications. I believe that consideration of such a broad range of applications in one combined study is not only a sensible but also the most efficient work plan. Indeed, as described in the proposal, metal borides with very different properties may have an underlying structural link and their stability regions can be investigated investigated in one set of carefully planned simulations and experiments
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 22/08/08