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Reference Number EP/V000055/1
Title Metal Atoms on Surfaces & Interfaces (MASI) for Sustainable Future
Status Started
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(CO2 Capture and Storage) 5%;
HYDROGEN and FUEL CELLS(Fuel Cells) 10%;
OTHER POWER and STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES(Energy storage) 10%;
NOT ENERGY RELATED 75%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Chemistry) 30%;
PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Physics) 30%;
PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Metallurgy and Materials) 40%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Professor A Khlobystov

Chemistry
University of Nottingham
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 August 2021
End Date 31 July 2026
Duration 60 months
Total Grant Value £6,659,514
Industrial Sectors Energy; R&D
Region East Midlands
Programme Energy : Energy, NC : Physical Sciences
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor A Khlobystov , Chemistry, University of Nottingham (99.993%)
  Other Investigator Dr NV Rees , Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham (0.001%)
Professor AC Ferrari , Engineering, University of Cambridge (0.001%)
Dr E Bichoutskaia , Chemistry, University of Nottingham (0.001%)
Dr P (Peter ) Licence , Chemistry, University of Nottingham (0.001%)
Dr J Alves Fernandes , Chemistry, University of Nottingham (0.001%)
Professor GJ Hutchings , Chemistry, Cardiff University (0.001%)
Dr W Theis , School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , University of Leeds (0.000%)
Project Contact , National Physical Laboratory (NPL) (0.000%)
Project Contact , Diamond Light Source Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Johnson Matthey plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) (0.000%)
Project Contact , University of Limerick, Ireland (0.000%)
Project Contact , University of York (0.000%)
Project Contact , Siemens plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , Henry Royce Institute (0.000%)
Project Contact , AJA International Inc. (0.000%)
Project Contact , Frontier IP Group plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , TSMC Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , University of Ulm (0.000%)
Project Contact , Versarien plc (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract What is MASI?We believe that there is a strong link between the looming environmental crisis and the way we use chemical elements. In MASI, a multidisciplinary team of scientists from four UK universities (Nottingham, Cardiff, Cambridge, Birmingham), with 12 industrial and academic partners, is set to revolutionise the ways we use metals in a broad range of technologies, and to break our dependence on critically endangered elements. Simultaneously, MASI will make advances in: the reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and its valorisation into useful chemicals; the production of 'green' ammonia (NH3) as an alternative zero-emission fuel and a new vector for hydrogen storage; and the provision of more sustainable fuel cells and electrolyser technologies.At the core of MASI is the fundamental science of metal nanoclusters (MNC), which goes beyond the traditional realm of nanoparticles towards the nanometre and sub-nanometre domain including single metal atoms (SMA). The overall goal of the MASI project is two-fold: (i) to provide a solution for a sustainable use of scarce metals of technological importance (e.g. Pt, Au, Pd), by maximising utilisation of every atom; and (ii) to unlock new properties that emerge in metals only at the atomic scale, allowing for the substitution of critical metals with abundant ones (e.g. Pt with Ni), and provide a platform for the next generation of materials for energy, catalysis and electronics applications.How does it work?We have recently developed the theoretical framework and instrumentation necessary to break bulk metals directly to metal atoms or nanoclusters, with their size, shape and composition precisely controlled. The atomic-scale control of nanocluster fabrication will open the door for programming their chemistry. For example, the electronic, catalytic or electrochemical properties of abundant metals, such as Ni and Co, may imitate endangered metals (Pt or Ru) at the nm and sub-nm scale, or by carefully controlled dispersion of the endangered elements with abundant ones in an alloy nanocluster.Our method allows direct deposition of metal atoms or nanoclusters onto solids (e.g. glass, polymer film, paper etc.), powders (e.g. silica, alumina, carbon etc.) and non-volatile liquids (e.g. oils, ionic liquids) in vacuum with no chemicals, solvents or surfactants and an accurately controlled metal loading. The directness of the MASI approach avoids generating chemical waste and enables a high 'atom economy', surpassing any wet chemistry methods. Moreover, surfaces of our metal nanoclusters are clean and highly active; additionally, being stabilised by interactions with the support material, they can be readily applied wherever electronic, optical or catalytic properties of metals are required.What is unique about these materials and our technology?MASI will offer greener, more sustainable methods of fabrication of metal nanoclusters, without solvents or chemicals, with the maximised active surface area ensuring efficient use of each metal atom. 'Naked', highly active metal surfaces are ready for reactions with molecules, activated by heat, light or electric potential, while tuneable interactions with support materials provide durability and reusability of metals in reactions. In particular, MASI materials will be suitable for the activation of hard-to-crack molecules (e.g. N2, H2 and CO2) in reactions that constitute the backbone of the chemical industry, such as the Haber-Bosch process. Similarly, highly dispersed metals and their intimate contact with the support material, will lead to high capacity for energy storage/conversion required in energy materials and fuel cells technologies. Importantly, MASI nanocluster fabrication technology is fully scalable to kilograms and tons of material, making it ideal for uptake in industrial schemes, potentially leading to a green industrial revolution
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 08/10/21