go to top scroll for more


Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/G00059X/1
Title Measuring and Evaluating the Travel, Physical Activity and Carbon Impacts of Connect2
Status Completed
Energy Categories Energy Efficiency(Transport) 5%;
Not Energy Related 95%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields SOCIAL SCIENCES (Town and Country Planning) 65%;
SOCIAL SCIENCES (Sociology) 25%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Architecture and the Built Environment) 10%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 80%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Environmental dimensions) 10%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Consumer attitudes and behaviour) 10%;
Principal Investigator Professor JM (Jonathon ) Preston
No email address given
Faculty of Engineering and the Environment
University of Southampton
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 05 May 2008
End Date 04 November 2013
Duration 66 months
Total Grant Value £2,250,282
Industrial Sectors Transport Systems and Vehicles
Region South East
Programme Energy : Energy
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor JM (Jonathon ) Preston , Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton (99.993%)
  Other Investigator Dr C Brand , Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford (0.001%)
Dr J Powell , Applied Sciences, University of the West of England (0.001%)
Dr AR Cooper , Sch of App Community and Health Studies, University of Bristol (0.001%)
Professor A Day , Computing Sciences, University of East Anglia (0.001%)
Dr DB Ogilvie , MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge (0.001%)
Professor N (Nanette ) Mutrie , Moray House School of Education, University of Edinburgh (0.001%)
Professor FCL (Fiona ) Bull , School of Population Health, University of Western Australia (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , The Scottish Government (0.000%)
Project Contact , RPS Energy (0.000%)
Project Contact , Glasgow Centre for Population Health (0.000%)
Project Contact , NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde (0.000%)
Project Contact , Southampton City Primary Care Trust (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract Connect2 is a 138 million investment programme in walking and cycling infrastructure at 79 sites across the UK that provides a unique opportunity to determine the impact of infrastructure provision on walking and cycling and to assess the impact of other interventions including promotional activities. The challenge is to ensure this opportunity is used to fill evidence gaps, assess transferability and influence policy. The aim of this project is therefore to measure and evaluate the travel, physical activity and carbon impacts of interventions to improve the connectivity of infrastructure for walking and cycling. To achieve this aim we have developed an interdisciplinary consortium of eight institutions with expertise in energy, environmental, physical activity, public health and transport research, as well as computerised urban modelling. Our objectives are: (1) to develop and refine measurement instruments and evaluation frameworks for assessing the effects of these interventions on travel activity, physical activity and carbon emissions; (2) to apply these methods in longitudinal population-based studies at a purposive sample of up to six Connect2 case study sites; (3) to determine the likely benefits of additional promotional interventions using a randomised controlled trial at one Connect2 site (provisionally the Road to Nowhere scheme in Glasgow); and (4) to enhance and collate data at all Connect2 sites to develop strategic evaluation measures. Our methodological approach will be informed by the realist approach to evaluation which advocates determining not simply whether an intervention has worked but also understanding why it is effective (or not), in what ways, for whom and in what circumstances. We will therefore collect data on context, mechanisms and outcomes using a longer self complete household questionnaire, to which we anticipate a total of approximately 10,000 useable responses from the main case studies; a shorter user intercept questionnaire, developed in conjunction with Sustrans; and more detailed objective measures from subsets of our study cohorts. The main outputs will be an improved set of measurement and evaluation tools at the strategic and more detailed, local levels, validated using a heterogeneous set of Connect2 case studies; evidence on the impacts of infrastructural and promotional interventions, which will inform policy and practice; and strategic benefit and cost measures which will inform and influence government policy and appraisal of infrastructural interventions. These outputs will have significant generic benefits for central government, local authorities, active travel users and academia
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 17/03/08