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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/S025154/1
Title Numerical exploration and modelling of novel environmentally friendly combustion technique: droplet-laden MILD combustion
Status Completed
Energy Categories Other Power and Storage Technologies(Electric power conversion) 25%;
Energy Efficiency(Industry) 25%;
Fossil Fuels: Oil Gas and Coal(Oil and Gas, Oil and gas combustion) 50%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Physics) 50%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 50%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Professor N (Nilanjan ) Chakraborty
No email address given
Mechanical and Systems Engineering
Newcastle University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 12 August 2019
End Date 11 August 2023
Duration 48 months
Total Grant Value £342,941
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region North East
Programme NC : Engineering
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor N (Nilanjan ) Chakraborty , Mechanical and Systems Engineering, Newcastle University (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , EDF Energy (0.000%)
Project Contact , GE Global Research, USA (0.000%)
Project Contact , Renuda UK (0.000%)
Project Contact , Infosys Limited, India (0.000%)
Web Site

A small reduction in NOx emission per kilowatt of generated power will have a significant reduction in environmental impact of combustion used for power generation. The MILD (Moderate or Intense Low Oxygen Dilution) combustion technique offers an opportunity to drastically reduce emissions while improving thermal efficiency of furnaces and boilers. In gas turbines, though overall fuel-air mixture is fuel-lean and MILD combustion is not directly applicable, fuel-rich regions in the primary zone of the combustor exhibit localised MILD regimes, particularly for liquid fuel operation However, the physical and chemical intricacies of this novel technique are not well understood and thus identifying key control parameters for using this technique for power generation and industrial processes over wide range of conditions is challenging. This project aims to provide a step change in physical understanding and modelling of this combustion technique and to identify key control parameters. The aim is to investigate MILD combustion of high calorific value gaseous and liquid fuels for practical application using Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) and Large Eddy Simulations (LES), with high fidelity mathematical description for physical and chemical processes involved. The droplets of liquid fuel spray will be tracked using the Lagrangian approach while the gas phase is treated using the Eulerian approach for the simulations. The effects of droplet diameter, equivalence ratio (both for gaseous and liquid fuels), extent of dilution by combustion products, volatility (by considering different fuels), turbulence intensity and its length scale on the burning rate, flame structure (in terms of chemical reaction pathways analysis and flame and flow topologies) and pollutants formation will be analysed based on a judicious parametric analysis based on three-dimensional detailed chemistry DNS data. In this project, the fundamental physical understanding extracted from DNS data will be utilised to develop high fidelity models for engineering Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) based simulations to identify key control parameters using LES after validating these models against the available experimental results. This project will provide (1) a robust modelling framework for MILD combustion technique, which would be a cost effective reliable tool for designing energy efficient and clean gas turbines and industrial furnaces and (2) the key control parameters identified can help to design retrofit "greener" combustion systems

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Final Report (none)
Added to Database 11/02/19