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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/X015327/1
Title Spray cooling high power dissipation Applications (SANGRIA): From fundamentals to Design
Status Started
Energy Categories Nuclear Fission and Fusion(Nuclear Fission, Nuclear supporting technologies) 5%;
Energy Efficiency(Transport) 5%;
Not Energy Related 90%;
Research Types Applied Research and Development 50%;
Final stage Development and Demonstration 50%;
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Chemistry) 50%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 90%;
Other (Energy technology information dissemination) 10%;
Principal Investigator Professor K Sefiane

Sch of Engineering and Electronics
University of Edinburgh
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 January 2024
End Date 31 December 2026
Duration 36 months
Total Grant Value £595,208
Industrial Sectors No relevance to Underpinning Sectors
Region Scotland
Programme NC : Engineering
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor K Sefiane , Sch of Engineering and Electronics, University of Edinburgh (99.996%)
  Other Investigator Professor AJ Walton , Sch of Engineering and Electronics, University of Edinburgh (0.001%)
Dr P Valluri , Sch of Engineering and Electronics, University of Edinburgh (0.001%)
Professor M A Linne , Sch of Engineering and Electronics, University of Edinburgh (0.001%)
Dr JRE Christy , Sch of Engineering and Electronics, University of Edinburgh (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , ANSYS Europe Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , University of Nottingham (0.000%)
Project Contact , Syngenta (0.000%)
Project Contact , Oxford Nanosystems (0.000%)
Project Contact , TMD Technologies Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Sorbonne University: The Doctoral Institute (0.000%)
Project Contact , Siemens Ind Soft Computational Dynamics (0.000%)
Project Contact , Spraying Systems Co. (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract The advancement of numerous technologies has become increasingly reliant on the ability to dissipate large quantities of heat from small areas. Current designs in power electronics, supercomputers, lasers, X-ray medical devices, nuclear fusion reactor blankets, spacecraft, and hybrid vehicle electronics, and future improvements, rely on record high heat transfer rates. This rapid increase in heat dissipation rates required by such devices has led to a transition from more traditional fan-cooled heat-sink attachments to liquid cooling techniques.Liquid cooling techniques operating in single-phase, however, have now reached their limit being forced to run at very low inlet temperatures and exceedingly high mass flow rates, resulting in unacceptably high pressure drops and surface temperature gradients. Innovative approaches are urgently needed to overcome these significant shortcomings: one such approach is spray-cooling.Spray-cooling uses a nozzle to break up the liquid coolant into fine droplets that impinge individually on a heated surface. 'Low'- and 'high-temperature' spray-cooling applications involve surface temperatures below and above the critical heat flux (CHF), respectively. Single-phase spray-cooling (relies on liquid sensible heat rise only) provides greater operational stability and spatially uniform heat removal than liquid cooling, reducing the likelihood of large surface thermal gradients, particularly important for fragile electronic components. Two-phase spray-cooling (relies on liquid sensible heat rise and latent heat), are superior to single-phase systems and furthermore, compared to pool/flow boiling alternative systems, offer far less resistance to vapour removal from a heated surface enabling superior drop-surface contact . In fact, the CHF increases from 1.2 MW/m2 (for water pool boiling) to 10 MW/m2 for water sprays in two-phase applications.SANGRIA is an ambitious 3-year collaborative research programme aimed at investigating the fundamental mechanisms and transfer processes underlying spray-cooling. This project combines cutting-edge experimental techniques that furnish spatiotemporally-resolved diagnostics of the thermal, interfacial, and hydrodynamic fields, with multi-scale theory, modelling and 3-D high-fidelity numerical simulation that bridge the molecular and continuum-scales. The deep insights generated from SANGRIA will be harnessed to provide tools that are practically implementable by our industrial partners in order to maximise impact. Industrial and academic partners will provide additional technical support and feedback during the research programme plus pathways for direct industrial impact. The industrial partners include possible users of this technology: TMD Ltd (manufacturers of electronic equipment, high heat flux devices); Oxford naNosystems (manufacturers of enhanced heat transfer surfaces); ANSYS (Software development); Siemens (Software development); Spraying Systems Co. (Nozzle manufacturers); Syngenta (users of nozzles). LaVision offered a 15% discount on their Particle Master System. The academic partners from the University of Nottingham, Sorbonne University, Technical University of Darmstadt and Kyushu University are internationally recognised experts in single and two-phase thermal systems, including spray cooling. Participation and presentations during the HEXAG and PIN meetings will facilitate feedback and technology transfer
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 14/02/24