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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/G059780/1
Title Future Energy Decision Making for Cities - Can Complexity Science Rise to the Challenge?
Status Completed
Energy Categories Other Cross-Cutting Technologies or Research(Energy system analysis) 40%;
Energy Efficiency(Residential and commercial) 20%;
Energy Efficiency(Transport) 20%;
Other Power and Storage Technologies(Electricity transmission and distribution) 20%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields SOCIAL SCIENCES (Business and Management Studies) 20%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 20%;
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences) 20%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Systems Analysis related to energy R&D (Energy modelling) 50%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Consumer attitudes and behaviour) 25%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Technology acceptance) 25%;
Principal Investigator Professor W F Gale
No email address given
Process, Environmental and Material Eng
University of Leeds
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 January 2010
End Date 30 March 2013
Duration 39 months
Total Grant Value £819,506
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region Yorkshire & Humberside
Programme Energy : Engineering
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor W F Gale , Process, Environmental and Material Eng, University of Leeds (99.996%)
  Other Investigator Dr TJ Foxon , School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds (0.001%)
Professor NJ Smith , Civil Engineering, University of Leeds (0.001%)
Professor C Clegg , Leeds University Business School (LUBS), University of Leeds (0.001%)
Dr M (Mikhail ) Ivanchenko , University of Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia (0.001%)
Web Site
Objectives Linked to grant EP/G05956X/1
Abstract This proposal addresses a key challenge for energy sustainability - how can individual cities play their vital role in the implementation of ambitious future UK energy sustainability policies between now and 2020, whilst mitigating conflicts with the local imperatives that until now have dominated local government decision making? With the UK's heavily urban population and commercial/industrial/institutional base, cities have a huge impact, for good or ill, on UK energy sustainability.The vast majority of UK cities have traditionally regarded energy as somebody else's problem. Hence cities not only have a lot of catching up to do but are also lacking in the knowledge, experience and tools needed to integrate energy sustainability into the core of their planning processes. Cities now find themselves in a position of having to make major future energy decisions which they are not equipped for and which, in aggregate, will have a huge impact on the future of the UK'senergy sustainability and economic competitiveness. Developing energy planning tools on a city by city basis would not be cost-effective. Equally, the use of city specific toolkits would be a major barrier to the early and widespread adoption of evolving best practices for meeting national energy sustainability targets. However, there are nearly 70 cities in the UK and these differ markedly from each other and are internally inhomogeneous. Thus, modelling and analysing this problem at thecity level is both essential and must be performed in a fashion that is adaptable enough to be truly applicable to any UKcity, if we are to enable future energy sustainability at this level. We have assembled a highly skilled and interdisciplinary project team that is ready and able to tackle this challenge in close collaboration with our partners the City of Leeds, Arup and White, Young, Green.Our vision in response to the challenge is to deploy the tools of complexity science to deliver models that enable citiesto define their current energy situation and then reach balanced decisions in their future energy planning, implementing UK sustainability targets. Why this vision? The exciting developments in complexity science have not thus far been applied to the problem of modelling city level energy futures, incorporating both technology and human/organisational aspects and especially their interactions. This proposal investigates the feasibility of a novel, complexity sciencebased approach to filling the void between the traditional functions of city planning, for which energy has not been the focus and the need for cities to implement the ambitious UK carbon reduction targets through their future energy planning. The proposed research has the potential to enable cities across the UK to deliver their vital contribution to overall UK energy sustainability.The goals of the project are, through the application of complexity science, to provide cities with the means for developing flexible and responsive energy policies that incorporate the following: 1) the overall scope and targets set by evolving national energy policies; 2) the supply of multiple energy options, such asreliance on the national grid versus distributed power generation; 3) the challenge of the last few km of upgraded power distribution; 4) psychological and organisational factors influencing energy demand, generation and distribution at the local level; 5) lock in of existing energy systems in the built infrastructure; 6) highly distributed decision making by multiple stakeholders; 7) provisionfor unplanned, unpredictable external perturbations, in some cases of large magnitude; 8) potential for future expansion to integrate energy with other planning priorities with conflicting objectives

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Added to Database 20/04/09