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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/H003630/1
Title Resource implications of adaptation of infrastructure to global change
Status Completed
Energy Categories Energy Efficiency(Residential and commercial) 5%;
Not Energy Related 90%;
Other Power and Storage Technologies(Electricity transmission and distribution) 5%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Civil Engineering) 75%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Architecture and the Built Environment) 25%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 50%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Environmental dimensions) 25%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Other sociological economical and environmental impact of energy) 25%;
Principal Investigator Dr RJ Dawson
No email address given
Civil Engineering and Geosciences
Newcastle University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 February 2010
End Date 31 January 2015
Duration 60 months
Total Grant Value £1,065,844
Industrial Sectors Construction; Environment
Region North East
Programme NC : Engineering
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr RJ Dawson , Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , University College London (0.000%)
Project Contact , Ove Arup & Partners Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Greater London Authority (0.000%)
Project Contact , Arizona State University, USA (0.000%)
Project Contact , CABE - the Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (0.000%)
Project Contact , eThekwini Municipality (Durban Area), South Africa (0.000%)
Project Contact , Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung (PIK), Germany (0.000%)
Project Contact , Cundall Johnston & Partners (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract This fellowship will develop a new generation of analysis and decision making tools required for engineers to respond to the challenges of intensifying global change.Consumption of energy and other resources is widely acknowledged to be unsustainable at today's rates. The world is therefore faced with the challenge of designing and implementing the transition to a more sustainable situation, a state in which greenhouse gas emissions and resource consumption (e.g. energy, water, materials)are drastically reduced and our society is well adapted to the impacts of climate change.Infrastructure systems such as water, energy, transportation and waste are the array of physical assets (and associated processes) responsible for moving the goods and services that ensure the safety, health and wealth of cities and their inhabitants. Thus, design and management of infrastructure has implications in terms of vulnerability and resource consumption (e.g. denser cities use less energy per capita on private transport, but can aggravate flooding and heat stress). However, effective management of infrastructure systems is challenging because they (a) vary in space, (b) are highly interconnected, (c) interact strongly with an ever-changing environment and population, and, (d) deteriorate with age. Nowhere is this more evident than cities, where over half the global population live and more than three quarters of global resources are consumed.As cities adapt in response to global pressures such as climate change, it is crucial to understand the implications of these adaptations in terms of resource requirements to avoid confounding parallel sustainability initiatives. Whilst the vulnerability of the built environment to climate impacts is to some extent understood, resource flows, such as energy, waste and water within cities are currently poorly-understood and are generally considered in terms of gross inputs and outputs to the urban area. The relationship between urban form, function and these resource flows has only been established from observational evidence e.g. relating population density directly to total transport energy demand. This provides insufficient evidence to appraise, plan and design specific adaptations as it does not account for crucial properties of the urban system such as land use, human activity, or the topology and attributes of the infrastructure systems that mediate this, and other, relationships (for example, land use and flood risk).To plan and design adaptations in urban areas requires a capacity to analyse the behaviour of whole cities over timescales of decades, to simulate and test the effectiveness of alternative management options and to monitor and modify the system performance. The capacity to adequately understand and model processes of change within the coupled technological, human and natural systems that comprise cities does not yet exist. This fellowship will address this priority area, through the development of a novel coupled systems simulation model of urban dynamics, climate impacts and resource flows within cities. This systems integrated assessment model will be used to analyse the relationship between the spatial configuration of cities and their infrastructure systems, resource consumption and vulnerability to climate change impacts. Working closely with key stakeholders in industry and local government I shall develop, demonstrate and apply decision analysis methods to show how long termplanning strategies can be developed for re-engineering cities from their 'traditional' form into more sustainable configurations.In doing this, I shall provide the evidence to underpin more sustainable engineering and policy decisions and reduce the harmful impacts of unmitigated global change in urban areas
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 11/09/09