Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number NIA_SPEN_0071
Title A Holistic Intelligent Control System for flexible technologies (T2)
Status Completed
Energy Categories Other Cross-Cutting Technologies or Research(Energy system analysis) 30%;
Other Power and Storage Technologies(Electricity transmission and distribution) 70%;
Research Types Applied Research and Development 100%
Science and Technology Fields ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Electrical and Electronic Engineering) 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Systems Analysis related to energy R&D (Other Systems Analysis) 100%
Principal Investigator Project Contact
No email address given
SPEN - SP Transmission Plc
Award Type Network Innovation Allowance
Funding Source Ofgem
Start Date 01 January 2022
End Date 31 January 2023
Duration ENA months
Total Grant Value £1,200,000
Industrial Sectors Power
Region Scotland
Programme Network Innovation Allowance
Investigators Principal Investigator Project Contact , SPEN - SP Transmission Plc (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , SP Energy Networks (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives A proposed solution can be a DNO (DSO) owned Flexible Holistic Intelligent Control System (HICS) that:Sets out the control signal hierarchy and overall network operation optimisation by considering the controllability and impact envelopes of controllable nodes and also the customers flexibility offer through aggregatorsCan be flexibly adapted to coordinate different optimisation objectives, of controllable devices, to enhance network performance, reliability and also provide commercial signals to other network flexibility providers (e.g. aggregators). Some of the highlevel network operation objectives can be network losses, wide area voltage optimisations, maximum network headroom capacity etc.Have the capability of machine learning or using artificial intelligence so it can be adaptive to network changes, robust against missing real time data loss through loss of network communications and be functionally independent safely.Provides a core control module which can flexibly and securely integrate the new technologies and interact with other DNO systems (data historian, Network Management System, Data integration platform etc.)Provides a level of interoperability, allowing communication and integration with various network monitoring equipment offering a vendor agnostic solutionIs a DSO enabler and capable of providing market commercial signals and technical requirements associated with the DSO transitionIdentifies the corresponding international standards and forums, including but not limited to CIGRE B4, C4 studying committee, IEC and SQSS, to inform and influence the ongoing discussion and standardisation when applicable.It is envisaged that the HICS consists of the main (master) controllers providing overall coordinated network optimisation and local (slave) control units providing fail-safe function and set point adjustments based on local data. This project aims to identify the systemarchitecture, optimisation algorithms HCIS and also trial of HICS within the distribution network demonstrating its performance at different voltage levels. The project will be carried out in three stages, the main delivery phase is over a two and half year period. The start of each stage will be dependent on the success of the previous stage. Details of the stages are given below:1. Stage One: System Design (duration 12-18 months)This stage includes Identifying the system architecture design, optimisation algorithms functional specifications, communication requirements and user acceptance tests for a fit-for-purpose HICS. Also proof of concept and functionalities within the controlled environment ( i.e. through simulation and verification).Stage one will involve:Review and Identify the common control algorithm between various ongoing projects and also DSO requirementsDevelop IT security requirements, identify flexible communication protocols and requirements to interface with existing and futureSPEN systems and compliance with IEC smart grid standards (IEC 61850, IEC 61970, IEC 61968, IEC 60870 etc).Identify the BaU system integration requirements, system ownership, roles and responsibilities and end user interfacesDetail the specific requirements for control at different voltages or different applicationsDevelop the integration process of the controller with 3G/4G/other communications (such as Narrow Band or opt fibre.Simulate typical intact and N-1 distribution network scenarios, at different voltage levels, within the impact envelope of each controllable device.Fresh market research on technologies and capable suppliers to implement HICP2. Stage two: Demonstration in SP Energy Networks with potential opportunities in other DNO networks (duration 12-18 months)Engaging with internal stakeholders of DNO (DSO) organisationsProcurement of the hardware and software, liaising with internal stakeholders such as RTS, control and licensed programsSystem implementation and commissioningPerformance demonstration using data from ongoing projects (such as ANGLE DC,LV Engine and DSR projects using Power Electronics) .Monitor the performance for 6 months, implement refinements and capture learning.3. Stage three: Integration into BaU (duration 12 months)With potential to refine operational process, increase operational experienceDevelop policy documents, technical operational guidance and process for integration of further existing and upcoming controllable solutionsTraining and final handover to SPEN operationReporting to national and international standards and forums, including but not limited to CIGRE B4, C4 studying committee, IEC and SQSS, to inform and influence the ongoing discussion and standardisation when applicable. The proposed approach would enable us to demonstrate process-level integration with UK systems and gain operational experience. The objectives of the project are to:Identify the features required for a Holistic Intelligent Control system owned by a DNO (DSO)Analysis the evolving characteristic of distribution network with uptake of renewable generation, energy storage and EVDefine the existing and future control technical requirements to future proof the controller functional designScoping and specifying the control interfaces depending on the engineering and/or commercial relationshipReview and Identify the common control algorithm to standardise the processAssess the communication infrastructure requirements and its sensitivity in the control processValidate the design of a holistic system controller
Abstract This project will investigate the potential use of a Holistic Intelligent Control System for the power network.
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 26/10/22