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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number EP/W003325/1
Title UK-Australia Centre in a Secure Internet of Energy: Supporting Electric Vehicle Infrastructure at the "Edge" of the Grid
Status Started
Energy Categories Other Cross-Cutting Technologies or Research(Energy system analysis) 25%;
Energy Efficiency(Transport) 25%;
Other Power and Storage Technologies(Electricity transmission and distribution) 10%;
Other Power and Storage Technologies(Energy storage) 10%;
Other Cross-Cutting Technologies or Research(Other Supporting Data) 30%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Computer Science and Informatics) 75%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 25%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 75%;
Other (Energy technology information dissemination) 25%;
Principal Investigator Professor R Ranjan

Sch of Computin
Newcastle University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 July 2022
End Date 30 June 2025
Duration 36 months
Total Grant Value £1,511,081
Industrial Sectors Electronics; Energy; Transport Systems and Vehicles
Region North East
Programme International Centre to Centre
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor R Ranjan , Sch of Computin, Newcastle University (99.989%)
  Other Investigator Dr C Patsios , Electrical, Electronic & Computer Eng, Newcastle University (0.001%)
Professor PT Blythe , Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University (0.001%)
Dr L M Cipcigan , Engineering, Cardiff University (0.001%)
Dr J Liang , Engineering, Cardiff University (0.001%)
Professor O Rana , Computer Science, Cardiff University (0.001%)
Professor P Burnap , Computer Science, Cardiff University (0.001%)
Dr G Theodorakopoulos , Computer Science, Cardiff University (0.001%)
Dr N Saxena , Computer Science, Cardiff University (0.001%)
Mr PM James , Sch of Engineering, Newcastle University (0.001%)
Professor A van Moorsel , Sch of Computin, Newcastle University (0.001%)
Dr G Morgan , Sch of Computin, Newcastle University (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , University College London (0.000%)
Project Contact , China Electric Power Research Institute, China (0.000%)
Project Contact , Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) (0.000%)
Project Contact , University of Sydney, Australia (0.000%)
Project Contact , SP Energy Networks (0.000%)
Project Contact , Cardiff Council (0.000%)
Project Contact , Welsh Assembly Government (0.000%)
Project Contact , Department for Transport (DfT) (0.000%)
Project Contact , Northern Powergrid (0.000%)
Project Contact , Siemens plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , Welsh Automotive Forum (0.000%)
Project Contact , Thales UK Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , NR Electric UK Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , DXC Technology (0.000%)
Project Contact , PA Consultancy Services Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Cyber Security Research Centre Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , Envision Digital UK Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , FASTNED UK Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , North East Automotive Alliance (0.000%)
Project Contact , WSP Group (Global) (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract The Internet of Energy (IoE) is a paradigm towards achieving a "zero-carbon" society by optimising electrical energy usage, especially for emerging loads such as Electric Vehicles. The paradigm is a recognition that integrating the internet of things with energy sources and demand loads, enables real-time processing of data streams to support actionable decision support. The aim of this centre-to-centre collaboration is to conduct fundamental multi-disciplinary research in the cyber resilience of future IoE systems. As electric vehicles are likely to make the greatest use of battery capacity in the future, they will play a key role in the IoE infrastructures.According to the "Global EV Outlook 2020" report (https://www.iea.org/reports/global-evoutlook-2020, International Energy Agency), Electric Vehicle sales topped 2.1M globally in 2019, surpassing 2018 - already a record year - to boost the stock to 7.2M electric cars. As technological progress in the electrification of two/three-wheelers, buses and trucks advances and the market for them grows, electric vehicles are expanding significantly. This growth is further amplified through government regulations, e.g. phasing out of diesel and petrol vehicles. This percentage is also likely to grow both in the United Kingdom and Australia. To meet climate-change goals, half of UK cars must be electric by 2030 (according to the UK government). Similarly, the Australian government (https://www.infrastructureaustralia.gov.au/) predicts that by 2040, electric vehicles (EVs) are projected to account for 70% to 100% of new vehicle sales. To meet the demand of the growing EV population, UK and Australian governments are ramping up the installation of charging infrastructure. For example, there are now more than 35,000 charge point connectors across the UK in over 13,000 locations - with around 7,000 charge point connectors added in 2020 alone.This makes electrical vehicles significant energy consumers in the IoE, with their batteries also providing the potential for energy storage in times of emergency or unexpected surges in demand. However, this benefit can only be effectively realised if we can secure the interaction between Electric Vehicles (EVs), charging infrastructure and the national grid. Since 2016, the number of cyber incidents involving vehicles has increased by 605%, with incident rates doubling on a year to year basis (according to 2020 Upstream security's global automotive cybersecurity report). The target of such cyber-attacks is not only private EVs but also commercial EVs.This proposal combines workstreams on attack modelling, data synthesis, attack generation and validation of these using testbeds across the UK and Australia. A simulator will be developed to support a number of "what-if" investigations in cyber resilience for EVs to be carried out. Partners in this proposal have expertise in cybersecurity, power electronics, electrical vehicles, artificial intelligence and distributed computing, and have extensive prior experience in multi-site collaborations. The IoE (cyber-physical) security theory developed in this project will also contribute to accelerated adoption of EV energy prosumers at the edge of the power grid.This proposal will also provide an opportunity for experienced and early career researchers to work collectively on the challenges identified above. A "future leaders" training programme will be developed as part of this proposal to create an "ideas exchange" community across students and academic faculty between the UK and Australian partners. Our industry partners will also be engaged through workshops and "sandpit" events to identify use cases that have industry relevance and which could provide the basis for future startups (in collaboration with entrepreneurship teams at our institutions). The shared testbeds and simulation environment developed will also provide a legacy on completion of this work.
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 03/08/22